Caro Lucas was born on September 4, 1949, in the historical city of Isfahan, in an Armenian family. Although he was born in Isfahan he grew up in Tehran as he explained in an interview: "As my family used to go to their hometown, Isfahan in summers, and as I was born in one of these summers, I was born in Isfahan. Most of my summers have been spent in Isfahan, and I have been grown in Tehran so I am from both Isfahan and Tehran."
He graduated from Kooshesh High School (the school of Armenian Minority) in Tehran, received his M.Sc. degree in Electrical and Control Engineering from University of Tehran, in 1973 and the PhD. degree from University of California, Berkeley, in 1976.
He married Emilia Nercissians (Persian: امیلیا نرسیسیانس). Arman is their son.
Professor Lucas was diagnosed with cancer in 2009. After a year he had overcome his cancer, but he died on July 8, 2010 from intestinal infection resulting from a medical mistreatment which happened during a colonoscopy.
Lotfi A. Zadeh:"I should like to add my voice to those who expressed their sadness at the passing away of Caro Lucas. It is a big loss for the Soft Computing community world-wide and, especially, in Iran. He was a prominent researcher, a dedicated educator and a person who was loved and admired by all who knew him. We will miss him."
He was a Professor, and founding director of the Center of Excellence for Control and Intelligent Processing (CIPCE), School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Tehran, as well as a researcher at the School of Cognitive Sciences (SCS), Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics (IPM), Tehran, Iran.
He served as the Director of School of Intelligent Systems, IPM (1993–1997) and Chairman of the ECE Department at the University of Tehran (1986–1988). Professor Lucas was also a Visiting Associate Professor at the University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada (summer, 1989–1990), University of California, Berkeley (1988–1989), an Assistant Professor at Garyounis University (1984–1985), University of California, Los Angeles (1975–1976), a Senior Researcher at the International Center for Theoretical Physics, and the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, both in Trieste, Italy, the Institute of Applied Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Harbin Institute of Electrical Technology, a research associate at the Manufacturing Research Corporation of Ontario, and a research assistant at the Electronic Research Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley.
Professor Lucas authored/co-authored about 826 conference papers, 332 journal papers and 39 chapters in books, edited 8 book volumes, served as program committee (PC) member for 96 conferences, and presented invited talks (or keynote speeches) in 190 national and international events.
He had been a pioneer in presenting new multi-disciplinary graduate courses like biologic computing, general systems design, and advanced topics in socio-cognitive systems, where, he has presented courses (and supervised theses) in different disciplines and departments like Electrical and Computer Engineering, Management, Psychology, Fine Arts and Architecture, and Finance and Economics. He was also the founder of the ISRF, Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics and has assisted in founding several new research organizations and engineering disciplines in Iran. He is the holder of the patent for Speaker Independent Persian Isolated Word Neurorecognizer.
Professor Lucas served as Managing Editor of the Memories of the Engineering Faculty, University of Tehran (1979–1991), Reviewer of Mathematical Reviewers (since 1987), Associate Editor of the Journal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems (1992–1999), and Chairman of the IEEE, Iran Section (1990–1992). He has served as the Chairman of several international conferences.
Professor Lucas served as Senior Advisor in many organizations including: Bank Mellat, Iran Railway Development Consultants, Manufacturing Research Corporation of Ontario-MRCO, Ministry of Energy, Iranian Bankers' Investment Company-IBICO and Megerdumian and Associates Consulting Engineers.
In 2009 Seraj Institute of Technology established a graduate research fellowship in computing and information sciences, namely "Prof. Carlo Lucas Fellowship" in honor of Dr. Lucas.