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Carlo Pisacane

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Name  Carlo Pisacane

Carlo Pisacane Il 28 giugno si ricorda la spedizione di Carlo Pisacane
Died  July 2, 1857, Sanza, Italy
Books  Carlo Pisacane's La Rivoluzione: Revolution: An Alternative Answer to the Italian Question
Siblings  Filippo Pisacane, Matilde Pisacane

Carlo pisacane capannelle audace colpo dei soliti ignoti


Carlo Pisacane, Duke of San Giovanni (22 August 1818 – 2 July 1857) was an Italian patriot and one of the first Italian socialist thinkers. He argued that violence was necessary not only to draw attention to, or generate publicity for, a cause, but also to inform, educate, and ultimately rally the masses behind the revolution. These ideas are called propaganda of the deed and have exerted compelling influence on rebels and terrorist alike ever since.

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Carlo pisacane provino per capannelle


Biography

Carlo Pisacane Carlo Pisacane Propaganda by the Deed 1857 Robert

Pisacane was born in Naples to an impoverished noble family, and entered the Neapolitan army in 1839; but having become imbued with Mazzinian ideas he emigrated in 1847, and after a short stay in England and France served in the French army in Algeria.

Carlo Pisacane Biografia di Carlo Pisacane

The revolution of 1848 recalled him to Italy; he played a part in the brief Roman Republic, and was an instrumental part of the war commission in the defence of the city. After its capture by the French, he again went into exile, first to London and then to Genoa, maintaining himself by teaching.

Carlo Pisacane Biografia di Carlo Pisacane

Pisacane regarded the rule of the House of Savoy as no better than that of Austria. When Mazzini, undeterred by the failure of the abortive Milan rising on 6 February 1853, determined to organize an expedition to provoke a rising in the Neapolitan kingdom, Pisacane offered himself for the task, and sailed from Genoa with a few followers (including Giovanni Nicotera) on board the steamer Cagliari on 25 June 1857.

Carlo Pisacane Risorgimento la Tragica Spedizione di Carlo Pisacane

They landed on the island of Ponza, where the guards were overpowered and some hundreds of prisoners liberated, and on 28 of the same month arrived at Sapri in Campania and attempted to reach the Cilento. But hardly any assistance from the inhabitants was forthcoming, and the invaders were quickly overpowered at Padula, Pisacane himself being brutally stabbed with a knife then killed at Sanza by angry locals who did not recognise him believing him to be a wandering gypsy who was stealing their food.

Carlo Pisacane Sanza celebrato lanniversario della morte di Carlo Pisacane 105 Tv

Today the town of Sanza has an annual feast on the day of his death known as Carlo Pisacane Day where they celebrate his murder. There is also a commemorative statue.

Propaganda of the deed

Carlo Pisacane Storiadigitale Zanichelli Linker Percorso Site

Pisacane was a pioneering advocate of propaganda of the deed, arguing that "ideas result from deeds, not the latter from the former, and the people will not be free when they are educated, but educated when they are free." He argued that violence was necessary not only to draw attention to, or generate publicity for, a cause, but also to inform, educate, and ultimately rally the masses behind the revolution. These ideas have exerted compelling influence on rebels and terrorist alike ever since.

During the historical period known as Risorgimento, Pisacane represented the extreme left, and as a follower of French philosopher Pierre-Joseph Proudhon introduced Anarchism in Italy. His essays, titled Saggi and Testamento Politico, were published posthumously in France.

He was an atheist.

Benito Mussolini was heavily influenced by Pisacane's revolutionary ideas and ideals to achieve political goals.

Arts and culture

The landing is remembered in the poem La spigolatrice di Sapri by Luigi Mercantini, composed in the same year. This poem in turn inspired the title of the 1952 film about the landing, Eran trecento. It was also translated into English by Henry W. Longfellow with the title The Gleaner of Sapri.

In August of every year Carlo Pisacane's landing is celebrated in a three-day festival in Sapri.

References

Carlo Pisacane Wikipedia


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