Tripti Joshi

Carl Theodor Dreyer

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedIn
Occupation  Film director
Role  Film director
Name  Carl Dreyer
Awards  Golden Lion 1955 Ordet

Carl Theodor Dreyer thefilmsauruscomblogwpcontentuploads201110
Born  3 February 1889 (1889-02-03) Copenhagen, Denmark
Died  March 20, 1968, Frederiksberg, Denmark
Spouse  Ebba Larsen (m. 1911–1968)
Books  Dreyer in double reflection, Reflexiones Sobre Mi Oficio, Four Screenplays, Cinque film
Movies  The Passion of Joan of Arc, Vampyr, Ordet, Gertrud, Day of Wrath
Similar People  Renee Jeanne Falconetti, Joan of Arc, Rudolph Mate, Kaj Munk, Nicolas de Gunzburg

Children  Erik Dreyer, Gunni Dreyer

Danish film director christoffer boe on carl theodor dreyer


Carl Theodor Dreyer ([kɑːˀl teːodoɐ̯ ˈdʁɑjɐ]; 3 February 1889 – 20 March 1968), commonly known as Carl Th. Dreyer, was a Danish film director. He is regarded by many critics and filmmakers as one of the greatest directors in cinema. His best known films include The Passion of Joan of Arc (1928), Vampyr (1932), Day of Wrath (1943), Ordet (1955), and Gertrud (1964).

Contents

Carl Theodor Dreyer Filmmaker Retrospective The Spiritual Cinema of Carl

Danish film director ole christian madsen on carl theodor dreyer


Life

Carl Theodor Dreyer Carl Theodor Dreyer Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Dreyer was born illegitimate in Copenhagen, Denmark. His birth mother was an unmarried Scanian maid named Josefine Bernhardine Nilsson, and he was put up for adoption by his birth father, Jens Christian Torp, a married Danish farmer living in Sweden who was his mother's employer. He spent the first two years of his life in orphanages until his adoption by a typographer named Carl Theodor Dreyer, and his wife, Inger Marie (née Olsen). He was named after his adoptive father, but in accordance with Danish practice, there is no "Senior" or "Junior" added to their names to distinguish them from each other.

Carl Theodor Dreyer Carl Theodor Dreyer39s Favorite Films list

His adoptive parents were emotionally distant and his childhood was largely unhappy. He later recalled that his parents "constantly let me know that I should be grateful for the food I was given and that I strictly had no claim on anything, since my mother got out of paying by lying down to die." But he was a highly intelligent school student, who left home and formal education at the age of sixteen. He dissociated himself from his adoptive family, but their teachings were to influence the themes of many of his films.

Carl Theodor Dreyer sensesofcinemacomassetsuploads200207CarlThe

Dreyer was ideologically conservative. According to David Bordwell, "As a youth he belonged to the Social Liberal party, a conservative group radical only in their opposition to military expenditures...'Even when I was with Ekstrabladet,' Dreyer recalled, 'I was conservative...I don't believe in revolutions. They have, as a rule, the tedious quality of pulling development back. I believe more in evolution, in the small advances.'"

Carl Theodor Dreyer Carl Theodor Dreyer Director Films as Director Other Films

Dreyer died of pneumonia in Copenhagen at age 79. The documentary Carl Th. Dreyer: My Metier contains reminiscences from those who knew him.

Career

Carl Theodor Dreyer The AZ of Carl Theodor Dreyer BFI

As a young man, Dreyer worked as a journalist, but he eventually joined the film industry as a writer of title cards for silent films and subsequently of screenplays. He was initially hired by Nordisk Film in 1913.

Carl Theodor Dreyer 20 best Carl Theodor Dreyer images on Pinterest Joan of arc

His first attempts at film direction had limited success, and he left Denmark to work in the French film industry. While living in France he met Jean Cocteau, Jean Hugo and other members of the French artistic scene and in 1928 he made his first classic film, The Passion of Joan of Arc. Working from the transcripts of Joan's trial, he created a masterpiece of emotion that drew equally on realism and expressionism. Dreyer used private finance from Baron Nicolas de Gunzburg to make his next film as the Danish film industry was in financial ruin. Vampyr (1932) is a surreal meditation on fear. Logic gave way to mood and atmosphere in this story of a man protecting two sisters from a vampire. The movie contains many indelible images, such as the hero, played by de Gunzburg (under the screen name Julian West), dreaming of his own burial and the animal blood lust on the face of one of the sisters as she suffers under the vampire's spell. The film was shot mostly silent but with sparse, cryptic dialogue in three separate versions – English, French and German.

Carl Theodor Dreyer Carl Theodor Dreyer Danish director Britannicacom

Both films were box office failures, and Dreyer did not make another movie until 1943. Denmark was by now under Nazi occupation, and his Day of Wrath had as its theme the paranoia surrounding witch hunts in the seventeenth century in a strongly theocratic culture. With this work, Dreyer established the style that would mark his sound films: careful compositions, stark monochrome cinematography, and very long takes. In the more than a decade before his next full-length feature film, Dreyer made two documentaries. In 1955, he made Ordet (The Word) based on the play of the same name by Kaj Munk. The film combines a love story with a conflict of faith. Dreyer's last film was 1964's Gertrud. Although seen by some as a lesser film than its predecessors, it is a fitting close to Dreyer's career, as it deals with a woman who, through the tribulations of her life, never expresses regret for her choices.

Carl Theodor Dreyer Carl Th Dreyer Biography short

The great, never finished project of Dreyer's career was a film about Jesus. Though a manuscript was written (published 1968) the unstable economic conditions and Dreyer's own demands of realism together with his switching engagement let it remain a dream.

Short films

Carl Theodor Dreyer Thoughts on My Mtier by Carl Theodor Dreyer ABitterSweetLife
  • Good Mothers (Mødrehjælpen, 12 min, 1942)
  • Water from the Land (Vandet på landet, 1946)
  • The Struggle Against Cancer (Kampen mod kræften, 15 min, 1947)
  • The Danish Village Church (Landsbykirken, 14 min, 1947)
  • They Caught the Ferry (De nåede færgen, 11 min, 1948)
  • Thorvaldsen (10 min, 1949)
  • The Storstrom Bridge (Storstrømsbroen, 7 min, 1950)
  • The Castle Within the Castle (Et Slot i et slot, 1955)
  • References

    Carl Theodor Dreyer Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Joan of Arc
    Kaj Munk
    Nicolas de Gunzburg
    Topics