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Cardamine pratensis

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Brassicaceae
Scientific name  Cardamine pratensis
Rank  Species
Order  Brassicales
Genus  Cardamine
Higher classification  Cardamine
Cardamine pratensis Cardamine pratensis Cuckoo flower Alpine bittercress
Similar  Garlic mustard, Marsh Marigold, Ficaria verna, Cowslip, Harebell

Cardamine pratensis cuckoo flower pinksterbloem landgoed hackfort

Cardamine pratensis (cuckooflower or lady's smock), is a flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae, native throughout most of Europe and Western Asia. The specific name pratensis is Latin for "meadow."


Cardamine pratensis Cuckooflower Cardamine pratensis NatureSpot

Cuckoo flower cardamine pratensis subst pratensis 2013 04 28


Cardamine pratensis medicinal herbs CUCKOO FLOWER Cardamine pratensis

Cardamine pratensis is a herbaceous, hairless, perennial plant growing to 40–60 cm tall, with pinnate leaves 5–12 cm long with 3-15 leaflets, each leaflet about 1 cm long. The flowers are produced on a spike 10–30 cm long, each flower 1–2 cm in diameter with four pale pink (rarely white) petals. The style of the fruit is short or longish. It grows best close to water.

Cardamine pratensis Cuckoo Flower Lady39s Smock Cardamine pratensis Alex Hyde

Its common name cuckooflower derives from the formation of the plant's flowers at around the same time as the arrival each spring of the first cuckoos in the British Isles.


Common throughout the British Isles.

Recorded in Ireland from all 40 of the "vice-counties" (a system adopted by Praeger in 1901).


Cardamine pratensis Cardamine Pratensis Cuckoo Flower

It is grown as an ornamental plant in gardens, and has become naturalised in North America as a result of cultivation. In some European countries, including parts of Germany, the plant is now under threat.

Cardamine pratensis wwwpfaforgAdminPlantImagesCardaminePratensis2JPG

It is a food plant for the orange tip butterfly (Anthocharis cardamines) and makes a valuable addition to any garden which aims at attracting wildlife. It was once used as a substitute for watercress.


Cardamine pratensis Cardamine pratensis Cuckoo Flower PFAF Plant Database

In folklore it was said to be sacred to the fairies, and so was unlucky if brought indoors. It was not included in May Day garlands for the same reason.

Additional general information

It is the county flower of the English county of Cheshire.


Cardamine pratensis Wikipedia

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