Canal Once (Channel Eleven; formerly Once TV México), is a Mexican educational broadcast television network owned by Instituto Politécnico Nacional. The network's flagship station is XEIPN-TDT channel 11 in Mexico City. It broadcasts across Mexico through nearly 40 TV transmitters and is required carriage on all Mexican cable and satellite providers. The network also operates an international feed which is available in the United States via satellite from DirecTV and also various cable outlets on "Latino" or "Spanish" tiers. Most of its programs are also webcast through the Internet, though its programming is not the same as the actual aerial or satellite signal.
The network began broadcasting on March 2, 1959, when its flagship station became the first non-profit educational and cultural television station in Mexico, owned and operated by a Mexican institution of higher education. The television channel was conceived by Alejo Peralta y Díaz, the director of the Instituto Politécnico Nacional between 1956 and 1959, and supported by his successor Eugenio Méndez Docurro, as well as Secretary of Communications and Transportation Walter Cross Buchanan and Jaime Torres Bodet, Secretary of Public Education. Its first broadcast was a mathematics class transmitted from a small television studio located at the Casco de Santo Tomás, in the northern part of Mexico City.
In 1969, Canal Once was the first Mexico City TV station to relocate its transmitter to Cerro del Chiquihuite, in order to improve its signal. It would later be joined on the mountain by most of Mexico City's other television stations as well as several radio broadcasters. Around this time, Canal Once converted to color. By the 1980s, it already had four of its own studios.
In the 1990s and 2000s, Once TV (as the network had been renamed in 1997) embarked on a two-pronged expansion strategy. The IPN built transmitters in cities such as Cuernavaca and Tijuana in the late 1990s, and in the 2000s and early 2010s, it expanded to build in the states of Sinaloa, Durango and Chihuahua. It also allied with state networks, such as those of Guerrero, Nayarit and Quintana Roo, providing them with Once TV programs. The launch of the Organismo Promotora de Medios Audiovisuales, now the Sistema Público de Radiodifusión del Estado Mexicano (SPR), in 2010 marked the beginning of a second expansion, which finally brought Once TV to such large cities as Guadalajara, Monterrey and Puebla City. The SPR operates 26 transmitters to the IPN's 13, and all of them (with the exception of Mexico City) carry Canal Once as one of their subchannels.
In 2013, Once TV México returned to its original name of Canal Once as part of a branding refresh.
In 2015, the IPN launched Once Niños, a subchannel of Canal Once featuring children's programming, which is available on all Canal Once transmitters operated by the IPN as well as on all Mexican cable systems. On December 31, 2015, Canal Once completed its digital television transition.
Canal Once produces a wide variety of cultural and educational programming. It also produces and airs Once Noticias national newscasts.
Canal Once has also been one of the national broadcasters that has carried the Olympic Games under contract from América Móvil, including the 2014 Summer Youth Olympics and 2016 Summer Olympics.
Canal Once has won many national and international prizes, including the following:Promax World Gold Awards 2004 New York, U.S.:
Golden Prize T 08 for Program Promotion: "Violencia Doméstica"
Golden Prize T 10 for Special Event Program Promotion: "Violencia Doméstica"
Silver Prize T 08 for Program Promotion: "Diálogos en confianza" (Talk show)
Silver Prize T 27 for Non-Promotional Animation: " Master of lounge music "
Promax BDA World Gold Awards 2004, New York, U.S.:
Gold 56 for Consumer Topical Advertising: "Pasión por la Naturaleza "
Silver 4 for Topical Print: "Tour de cine francés"
Silver 65 for Poster: "Tour de cine francés"
Silver 69 for Illustration for Print: "Pasión por la Naturaleza "
Bronze 13 for Open: "Violencia Familiar"
Bronze 16 for Art Direction & Design, Topical Promo: " Diálogos en Confianza "
I Festival Internacional de Documentales de Madrid 2004, Madrid, Spain:
Jury's Special Mention for "Series del Once"
Canal Once has an extensive transmitter network owned by the IPN that is supplemented by the SPR transmitter network. All Canal Once transmitters, whether owned by the IPN or the SPR, use PSIP to display Canal Once as virtual channel 11.
Once Niños is only available on Canal Once transmitters owned by the IPN.
Canal Once was formerly relayed by the state networks of Guerrero (Radio y Televisión de Guerrero), Nayarit (Tele 10) and Quintana Roo (Sistema Quintanarroense de Comunicación Social), and also by XHCOZ-TDT, an independent local station in Cozumel, Quintana Roo. XHCOZ holds virtual channel 11 as an artifact of its former carriage of Canal Once's programming.
Canal Once continues to supply programming to state networks, such as XHBZC-TDT in Baja California Sur.