The Canadian Open (also known as the Canada Masters, and known as the Rogers Cup presented by National Bank for sponsorship reasons) is an annual tennis tournament held in Canada. The men's competition is a Masters 1000 event on the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) tour. The women's competition is a Premier 5 tournament on the Women's Tennis Association (WTA) tour. The competition is played on hard courts.
The events alternate from year to year between the cities of Montreal and Toronto. Since 1980 in odd-numbered years the men's tournament is held in Montreal, while the women's tournament is held in Toronto, and vice versa in even-numbered years. Before 2011, they were held during separate weeks in the July–August period, now the two competitions are held during the same week in August. The Toronto tournament is held at the Aviva Centre and the Montreal tournament is held at the Uniprix Stadium.
The current singles champions as of the 2016 tournament are Novak Djokovic and Simona Halep.
The men's tournament began in 1881, and was held at the Toronto Lawn Tennis Club, while the women's competition was first held in 1892. Of the major tennis tournaments in the world today, only Wimbledon and the US Open have been around longer.
Most Singles and Doubles victories in the Canadian Championships, or Open, or Cup, all-time, Men's or Women's - Lois Moyes Bickle, winning 10 Singles victories, with a 4-year war interruption, and 9 Doubles victories, with a 4-year war interruption, leading Ivan Lendl with 6 Men's Singles victories and Monica Seles with 4 Women's Singles victories.
Prior to 1968 the tournament was known as the Canadian National Championships. Between 1970 and 1989 it was a major event of the Grand Prix Tennis Tour as part of the Grand Prix Super Series. The tournament was sponsored for a number of years by tobacco brands. In the 1970s, Rothmans International was the chief sponsor, followed by Player's Limited in the 1980s, and then Du Maurier from 1997–2000. Federal legislation, however, then came into effect that banned tobacco advertising. Rogers took over as the new presenting sponsor.
The event was played on clay until 1979 when it switched permanently to hard courts. Both the men's and women's tournaments were played as a single combined tournament at the National Tennis Centre in Toronto until 1981, when the men's tournament was played at the Jarry Park Stadium in Montreal for the first time. Similarly 1982 was the first year in which the women's tournament was played in Montreal.
In 1989, two Canadian male tennis players, Grant Connell and Andrew Sznajder, reached the quarterfinals of the event. They were eliminated by Ivan Lendl and Andre Agassi during that round. Lendl went on to defeat Agassi in the semi-finals and John McEnroe in the finals of that edition. Lendl has been the tournament's most successful singles player, reaching the final nine times and winning the title in 1980, 1981, 1983, 1987, 1988, and 1989.
In 1995, Andre Agassi and Pete Sampras met in the final, the third of the four times that the two top-ranked men's players would meet that year, after the Australian Open and Indian Wells Masters. Agassi's tournament win helped him regain the number-one ranking, which he lost to Sampras after they played each other again at the US Open.
In 2004, the tournament became part of the US Open Series, in the build-up to the US Open grand slam tournament.
The women's tournament was moved to just before the US Open grand slam tournament. Consequently, top players such as Venus and Serena Williams and Maria Sharapova often withdrew from the tournament at the last minute to rest for the upcoming US Open. In 2009, WTA CEO Stacey Allaster implemented rules reclassifying the women's event as a Premier 5 and the WTA's rules require each year-end top-10 player from 2008 to participate in at least four Premier 5 tournaments in the 2009 season, or face the threat of fines or docked ranking points. Consequently, 19 of the top 20 female players took part in the 2009 Rogers Cup draw. The ATP mandates participation for the men's tournament, as a "1000-level" series event.
Beginning in 2011, the men's and women's Rogers Cup tournaments were held during the same week, doing away with the later tournament which was said to be too close to the US Open. The corresponding rounds of the men's and women's matches are held on the same day, though a couple hours apart to avoid broadcast conflicts.
Source: The Tennis Base Most titles: Ivan Lendl (6)
Most finals: Ivan Lendl (9)
Most consecutive titles: Charles Smith Hyman (4)
Most consecutive finals: Beals Wright (5)
Most matches played: Ivan Lendl (66)
Most matches won: Ivan Lendl (57)
Most consecutive matches won: Ivan Lendl (18)
Most editions played: Robert Bédard (17)
Best winning %: Frank Parker (100%)
Longest final: Willard Crocker v Scott Wallace, result: 4–6 7–5 18–16 6–2 (64 games) (1925)
Shortest final: Jeff Borowiak v Jaime Fillol, result: 6–0 6–1 (13 games) (1977)
Oldest Champion: James F. Foulkes, 38y, 3m, 23d (1910)
Youngest Champion: Frank Parker, 16y, 5m, 25d (1932)