Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Calcutta High Court

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Country  India
Decisions are appealed to  Supreme Court of India
Opened  1872
Phone  033 2248 7485
Authorized by  Constitution of India
Judge term length  Till 62 years of age
Established  1862
Calcutta High Court
Location  Kolkata, West Bengal (Principal Seat) Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands (circuit bench)
Composition method  Presidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of India and Governor of respective state.
Address  3, Esplanade Row West, BBD Bagh, Kolkata, West Bengal 700001
Hours  Closing soon · 10:15AM–4:45PMMonday10:15AM–4:45PMTuesday10:15AM–4:45PMWednesday10:15AM–4:45PMThursday10:15AM–4:45PMFriday10:15AM–4:45PMSaturdayClosedSundayClosed
Similar  Delhi High Court, Mumbai High Court, Punjab and Haryana High Court, Patna High Court, Writers' Building

Calcutta high court wears deserted look on holi as lawyers opt for extended weekend

The Calcutta High Court is the oldest High Court in India. It has jurisdiction over the state of West Bengal and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The High Court building's design is based on the Cloth Hall, Ypres, in Belgium.


The court has a sanctioned judge strength of 63.

Madan mitra s hearing at the calcutta high court


The Calcutta high Court is one of the three High Courts in India established at the Presidency Towns by Letters patent granted by Her Majesty Queen Victoria, bearing date June 26, 1862, and is the oldest High Court in India. It was established as the High Court of Judicature at Fort William on July 1, 1862 under the High Courts Act, 1861, which was preceded by the Supreme Court of Judicature at Fort William.

Despite the name of the city having officially changed from Calcutta to Kolkata in 2001, the Court, as an institution retained the old name. The bill to rename it as Kolkata High Court was approved by the Cabinet on July 5, 2016 alongside renaming of its two other counterparts in Chennai and Mumbai However, the High Court still retains the old name.

Principal seat and benches

The seat of the Calcutta High Court is at Kolkata, capital of West Bengal. As per the Calcutta High Court (Extension of Jurisdiction) Act, 1953, the Calcutta High Court's jurisdiction was extended to cover Chandernagore (now called Chandannagar) and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands as of 2 May 1950. The Calcutta High Court extended its Circuit Bench in Port Blair, the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and in Jalpaiguri, the headquarters of the Jalpaiguri division of West Bengal.

Chief Justice

The current acting Chief Justice is Nishita Nirmal Mhatre.

Barnes Peacock was the first Chief Justice of the High Court. He assumed the charge when the court was founded on 1 July 1862. Romesh Chandra Mitter was the first Indian officiating Chief Justice and Phani Bhushan Chakravartti was the first Indian permanent Chief Justice of the court. The longest serving Chief Justice was Sankar Prasad Mitra.

On 20 September 1871, the acting Chief Justice, John Paxton Norman, was murdered on the steps of the courthouse by Wahabi Muslims.

List of Chief Justices

For Chief Justices of the previous Supreme Court of Bengal see Supreme Court of Judicature at Fort William

The building

The neo-Gothic High Court building was constructed in 1872, ten years after the establishment of the court itself. The design, by then government architect Walter Granville, was loosely modelled on the 13th-century Cloth Hall at Ypres, Belgium. In 1977 another bulding named High court centenary building or annexed buliding was inaugurated to reduce the pressure.

Jurisdiction question

During 2010, over six decades after India's independence, a curious if swiftly quashed legal debate questioned whether the court was still technically under the jurisdiction of the Queen of the United Kingdom rather than the Indian state.


Calcutta High Court Wikipedia

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