Sneha Girap

Cabimas

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Country  Venezuela
Population  240,765 (2011)
Area  862 km2
State  Zulia
Founded  1758

Cabimas is a city on the shore of Maracaibo Lake in Zulia State in northwestern Venezuela. Its current population is around 200,859 (2005).

Contents

Map of Cabimas

Before 1900, Venezuela was known to possess commercial quantities of petroleum. One major find was the Zumaque 1 well in 1914, in the area of Mene Grande, about 50 miles (80 km) southeast of Cabimas. It was the blowout of the Barroso No. 2 well in Cabimas in 1922 that marked the beginning of Venezuelas modern history as a major producer.

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Cabimas still plays an important role in production from the nations largest oil fields, which are located around and beneath Lake Maracaibo. Other fields are increasing in importance, mainly in eastern Venezuela. Most refining in Venezuela takes place in refineries outside the Cabimas area.

History

Cabimas in the past, History of Cabimas

Cabimas was founded by a group of Cistercians monks in 1758 as the Mission of Saint Ambrosio of Punta de Piedra, located in the modern day "La Mision". Some archeological remains have been found, however not a single wall survives. The existence of Cabimas is stated in the chronicles of Venezuelan Archbishop Mariano Marti who visited the town in 1771. The town grew as a fishing village on Lake Maracaibos coast until the discovery of oil by the Venezuelan Oil Concessions (VOC) with the well Santa Barbara (R2) in 1917. However, it was the well "Los Barrosos 2" (R4) (1922) which 100,000 bpd blow out reached the world newspapers headlines. Many oil companies and workers from other parts of Venezuela and abroad came to Cabimas, increasing its population. Most foreign personnel were of American or Dutch origin. La Rosa Oilfield was given in concession by Venezuela president Juan Vicente Gomez.

Geography

Cabimas Beautiful Landscapes of Cabimas

The weather is hot and humid with an average of over 30°C year round. The oil well flares produce large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2), which produces greenhouse effects which make the place even hotter. Precipitation is low during most of the year but the rain is heavy during the wet season.

Economy

The main activity is the oil industry, since the discovery of the well "Barroso 2" (R4) IN 1922. Currently the oil fields of La Rosa in land and La Salina in Maracaibos lake. Those are mature fields producing medium/heavy oil from La Rosa formation of Miocene age. La Rosa field was given in concession to German oil company Preussag Energy from 1996 to 2001, when it passed to the Venezuelan Suelopetrol. Later on it became the associated with the Venezuelan State own oil company PDVSA in 2006 being 60% PDVSA and 40% Suelopetrol.

Landmarks

  • Oil Workers and Employees Union (SOEP by its Spanish initials) of Cabimas: El Rosario street, was the first Venezuelan workers union founded in 1936 by Jorge Hernandez.
  • El Barroso Square:Intercomunal Avenue, Santa Clara Sector between K and L roads. It was the well which shown the La Rosa oil field potential. It blew out in December 1922 with 100,000 barrels per day (16,000 m3/d). Its currently dry and has an oil pump (Mechanical horse type) as a monument. The Monument was constructed through the offices and concern of Professor Orlando Mendez from Universidad Central de Venezuela (UCV), who found the historical well abandoned inside a house and proceed to ask for a monument for it.
  • Monument to the Oil Workers: Nuevo Juan highway, between J street, Miraflores street, Lagoven street and las Cabillas Street. It is a statue which depicts two oil workers tightening a valve, it was made by local sculptor Lucidio Gonzalez in 1995 and was commissioned by the City Council.
  • Culture and education

    Cabimas Culture of Cabimas

    Ver Guaro Marabino.en Wikipedia

    Museums, culture centers, libraries

  • House of the Culture of Cabimas. Rosario street with Rotaria street, next to UNERMB. There is the municipal public library, the archeological museum, with aboriginal cultures remains (native Americans), the colony and the beginnings of the oil industry. It also contains a dance and theater school, a civil band and a literary center, where the writers society of Cabimas meets.
  • Pedro Oporto School of Visual Arts. Next to the culture house, under the artist Regulo Rincon, classes of painting and sculpture are held.
  • House Museum Margarita Soto. Andres Bello Av, Punta Icotea sector. This was the house of the painter and midwife Margarita Soto, remembered in the Gran Coquivacoa song Punta Icotea. Some of her works are exhibited.
  • Parks, squares and museums

    Bolivar park. Independence Av in front of Our lady of the Rosary Cathedral. Its history begins in 1824 when is founded as the square of Our Lady of the Rosary Church (it became Cathedral in 1965). It is currently under mayor rebuilding. However, work have stopped for several months because of a lawsuit between the Zulia state government and the Historic Heritage Institute which is dependent on the national government. Both organizations are controlled by opposing political parties, so the suit is part of a political struggle.

  • Highway El Rosario. Which joints Pedro Lucas Urribarri Av from Santa Rita municipality and Intercomunal Av Cabimas municipality and Andres Bello Av. It has walks and gardens and has become a place for public events (concerts, fairs, dances, and more).
  • Highway Nuevo Juan. Joint between Miraflores Av, Las Cabillas Av, J road, Cumarebo Av, Lagoven Av, and other streets of Concordia and Campo Blanco. It has the monument to the oil worker, a work of local sculptor Lucidio Gonzalez made in 1995. It depicts 2 oil workers of 5 meters high tightening a valve.
  • Concordia Square. Las flores street Concordia sector .
  • El Leon Square. Andres Bello Av, Ambrosio sector. Reshaped in 2007
  • El Mirador square. Andres Bello Av, El Golfito sector, in front of the Adolfo DEmpaire Public Hospital. Next to Saint Benedict square.
  • General Rafael Urdaneta square. Chile Av, las 50s sector.
  • Las 40s square. Between the 1st and 2nd las 40s streets with Carabobo street.
  • Los Chimbangeles square. Andres Bello Av, El Golfito sector, it has a monument to Saint Benedict of Palermo.
  • Miraflores square. Carabobo square, between H road and Cumana Av.
  • Note: Concordia square is under reconstruction and has not been finished.
  • Museums, culture centers, libraries

  • House of the Culture of Cabimas. Rosario street with Rotaria street, next to UNERMB. There is the municipal public library, the archeological museum, with aboriginal cultures remains (native Americans), the colony and the beginnings of the oil industry. It also contains a dance and theater school, a civil band and a literary center, where the writers society of Cabimas meets.
  • Pedro Oporto School of Visual Arts. Next to the culture house, under the artist Regulo Rincon, classes of painting and sculpture are held.
  • House Museum Margarita Soto. Andres Bello Av, Punta Icotea sector. This was the house of the painter and midwife Margarita Soto, remembered in the Gran Coquivacoa song Punta Icotea. Some of her works are exhibited.
  • References

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