Trisha Shetty (Editor)

Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park

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Location  Borneo, Indonesia
Area  1,810 km²
Established  1992
Governing body  Ministry of Forestry
Nearest city  Pontianak
Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park

Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park is a national park located on Borneo Island, Indonesia. It is named after the mountains of Bukit Baka (1,620 metres) and Bukit Raya (2,278 metres), part of the Schwaner mountain range at the border of Central and West Kalimantan.

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Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park National Park Bukit Baka sights

The national park forms part of the Heart of Borneo conservation project.

Flora and fauna

Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park Kalimantan Baka Bukit Raya National Park Archives Indonesia

There have been 817 species of plant recorded in the park, including from the families of Dipterocarpaceae, Myrtaceae, Sapotaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lauraceae and Ericaceae. Plants endemic to the island include Symplocos rayae, Gluta sabahana, Dillenia beccariana, Lithocarpus coopertus, Selaginnella magnifica and Tetracera glaberrima.

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The park protects the habitat of clouded leopards, orangutans, sun bears (Helarctos malayanus euryspilus), maroon leaf monkeys, slow lorises (Nycticebus coucang borneanus), sambar deer and flying squirrels. Bird species in the park include the black hornbill, helmeted hornbill, common emerald dove, little cuckoo-dove and Bornean peacock-pheasant.

Human habitation

Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park Conservation Areas Heart of

Indigenous people in the park include the ethnic groups of the Dayak Limbai, Ransa, Kenyilu, Ot Danum, Malahui, Kahoi and Kahayan.

Conservation and threats

Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park Bakabukit Raya National Park West Kalimantan Indonesia BOMBASTIC

In 1978 a nature reserve of 500 km2 around Bukit Raya was established, and the next year it was extended to 1,100 km2. In 1982 the Bukit Baka nature reserve was established, comprising 1,000 km2. After several smaller alterations to the boundaries of both reserves, in 1992 the two protected areas were merged into the Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park comprising 1,810 km2.

The park has been affected by severe illegal logging since the end of the 20th century.

Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park Rencana Kerja Dua Puluh Tahun Taman Nasional Bukit Baka Bukit Raya

References

Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park Wikipedia


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