Bordj Bou Arréridj (Arabic: ولاية برج بوعريريج) is a province (wilaya) in the east Algeria around 200 km away from the capital Algiers. It is considered as a crossroads between the east and west, the north and south.
It is notable for its many electronic industries. Its capital is Bordj Bou Arreridj. Other localities include Bir Kasd Ali and Glela.
The estimated population of Bordj Bou Arreridj is about 661,115 residents.
Its location made it an important economic pole in the context of development in Algeria, as it is made up of several economic and industrial groups. Within the privatization process, and the market economy, this state has become a destination for some foreign companies in order to invest, especially in the field of electronic industries and agribusiness.
The wilaya is located on the territory of the High Plains, riding on the mountain of Bibans, the wilaya of Bordj Bou Arreridj is strategically in eastern Algeria. Indeed, it is halfway through the route between Algiers qnd Constantine.
The Province is located northeast of the country. It is bounded by:East: Wilaya of Setif.
West: Wilaya of Bouira.
North: Wilaya of Bejaia.
South: Wilaya of Msila.
The wilaya is divided into three geographical areas which follow:A mountainous area, with the north, the chain of Bibans.
An area of high plains constitutes most of the province.
A steppe zone, in the southwest, oriented agro-pastoral.
The altitude varies between 302 m and 1885 m.
The province is characterized by semi-dry continental climate that offers warm temperatures in summer and very cold in winter, among the lowest in Algeria. The annual rainfall is 300 to 700 mm. It's also Known by the heavy snowfall, especially in the north, leading to the interruption of the roads and the difficulty in traffic especially on the National Road No. 05.
The wilaya of Bordj Bou Arreridj has many water sources, it recorded the presence of natural spa, whose waters come with healing powers. The most known is Hammam Al Biban at west which has been renovated, and Hamam AL Ibaynan at North. The main rivers flowing through the wilaya is Oued Bousselam and Oued el Ksoub in the south of the wilaya.
The wilaya has experienced various civilizations. The Romans, who left numerous traces, the Hammadids, the Almohads, the Vandals, but also the Ottomans and finally the French conquered the area and eventually settled there mainly because of its fertile land. Mohamed El Mokrani, historical figure, distinguished himself during the colonial period for having rebelled, with the support of local residents against the French presence. This revolt, known as "the Mokrani" was followed by severe repression, which led to the execution and many deportations to New Caledonia, where an Algerian community still exists today, and the sequestration of the best land, delivered to European settlers.
During the war of Algeria, Bordj Bou Arreridj was part of the wilaya III (Kabylie), and Bordj Ghedir south of the wilaya, was the site of many battles during the war in Algeria.
The province knows an imbalance in the distribution of populations created by the movement of people to the central high plains, one along the highways and urban centers, Because of natural constraints related to the nature of steppe and mountain areas of North and South.
The Spring Festival is a traditional festival where every first Friday of March, the population of the wilaya go on a picnic. Families prepare foods and cakes typical of the region, with only natural ingredients: semolina, honey, butter, eggs, vegetables and dates overwritten.
The wilaya of Bordj Bou Arreridj is a mosaic of Algerian traditions that combine the Kabyles, Setifians, Sahraouis and Chaouis, and a crossroads of all rural and urban traditions of the country which gave a culinary wealth to the area. Thus, the olive is celebrated on the day of spring in the mountainous areas of North and throughout Kabylie. The South is marked by the traditions of Hodna, while the East by the traditions of Setifians. Chaoui culture is present in the municipalities bordering the mountainous provinces of Batna and M'sila, in the Daira of Bordj Zemmourah, some Turkish traditions remain.
Bordj Bou Arréridj is a preeminently agricultural province, the area of the Hautes Plaines being especially suitable for cereal cultivation. North, the mountainous area of the Bibans is dominated by tree crops, especially olive and fig trees, the area has many traditional oil mills. The southwest area is a steppe where pastoral farming is practiced extensively associated with the cultivation of cereal in fallow areas.
The wilaya of Bordj Bou Arreridj became a young industrial center. It is among the most dynamic wilaya of Algeria, particularly in the electronics industry and agribusiness. It was renamed by the Algerians: "Capital of electronics." Several groups have settled national dimension as Cobra, Cristor, Star, Condor, Samsung and Nidor. Bordj Bou Arreridj is marked by its private contractors.
The Algerian government encourages the development of the High Plains (Setif - Bordj Bou Arreridj) through the deployment of several major initiatives: construction of infrastructure such as East-West highway, creating areas of integrated industrial activities, etc. ... A new industrial area was established in the commune of El Hamadia to relieve the industrial area of the city of Bordj Bou Arreridj.
It is made up of 10 districts and 34 communes or municipalities.