Bokaro district is one of the most industrialized zone in India. It is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India. It was established in 1991 by carving out one subdivision consisting of two blocks from Dhanbad District and six blocks from Giridih District. Bokaro Steel City is the district headquarters. The district has a population of about 2 million (2011 census). Bokaro's Steel Plant is the biggest in Asia. It is also an educational centre and a popular tourist destination for people from Eastern Region and also foreigners. Bokaro industrial area is located in Bokaro steel city established by state public sector BIADA (Bokaro Industrial Area Development Authority). Around 500 SSI units are situated in this industrial area and they are having good infrastructural support Bokaro Steel City is also the Police HQ of Chhotanagpur Division. The Chief Executive of the district is the Deputy Commissioner (District Magistrate/Collector). The present Deputy Commissioner is Rai Mahimapat Ray- an officer of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS).
Bokaro district covers a geographical area of 2883 km². The average altitude of the land is 210 m (690 ft) from mean sea level.
The district has a maze of valleys and sub-valleys formed by the River Damodar and its tributaries. They form an important source of water for the industries and townships which have sprung up on its banks in the last few decades. Some hills and hillocks rise above the gentle valley making it a panoramic landscape to view.
The population is drawn from all parts of India. The population is well educated and urbane. The population was 1,777,662 in 2001 census, growing to 2,062,330 in 2011.
Bokaro district consists of 9 Blocks:
In 2006, the Indian government named Bokaro one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 21 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Bokaro Steel Plant Bokaro district has a large steel plant, Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL), controlled by the Steel Authority of India Limited; and several other medium and small industries.
Electrosteel Castings Limited Apart from the existing Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL), the district has Electrosteel Castings Limited (EIL) in Chandankiyari (15 km from the City) which is expected to commence production soon.
Bokaro Power Supply Corporation Private Limited, BPSCL Power Plant is located in the premises of Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL) and has an aggregate installed capacity to generate 302MW of power besides 660 Tonne per Hour (TPH) of steam. The Plant has 8 boilers (5 boilers each of 220 TPH and 3 boilers each of 260 TPH capacity) and 6 turbine generators (one 12 MW back Pressure Turbine Generator (TG), 2 TGs each of 55MW capacity and 3 TGs each of 60 MW capacity).
BIADA The primary economy is supplemented by BIADA (Bokaro Industrial Area Development Authority) governing three districts, namely, Bokaro, Dhanbad, and Giridih — which is an industrial area supplying most of the industrial supplies for the large, medium and small companies, and there are some small mills making finished products out of steel as well as cement from the slag. BIADA is administratively controlled by Managing Director (MD) BIADA who is a senior officer of the IAS. Presently Mr. Rajkamal Arava is the MD of BIADA since February 2013.
Thermal Power Plants Apart from these units Bokaro also has large Thermal Power Plants-Bokaro Thermal(BTPS)
and New one SAIL-DVC Thermal.
Indian Explosive Limited Gumia is famous for its biggest explosive plant in India.
Bokaro Steel Plant Modernization and extend its capacity from 4.5 MT to 7.5 MT before 2011. In the same way, further plan for SAIL to extend BSL capacity to 17 MT before 2020. Apart from this a SAIL Greenfield steel plant is planned to set up before 2015, capacity of 5 MT. So before 2020 BSL total capacity goes up to 22 MT, appx. double the present capacity (13 MT) of SAIL all Steel Plants.
ArcelorMittal Steel giant ArcelorMittal is looking to set up a 12 million tonne greenfield plant in Bokaro. The company is now looking for 8,000 acres (32 km2) of land but primarily take 2,500-acre (10 km2) of land at Petarwar/Kasmar (in Bokaro district) just 20 km from City, nearby on NH-23. The Company has been allocated 32-35 million cubic meter (mcm) of water to be drawn from the Tenughat dam. In Another move ArcelorMittal also taking an initiative to utilise the spare land of SAIL by establishing a new steel plant of 3-4 ml/ton capacity of 50:50 JV with PSU in BSL premises itself by the investment of $2.7 billion. Tata Steel- NDTV learnt from sources that Tata Steel wants to set up a steel plant with a capacity of 2-3 million tonnes at an investment of up to Rs. 14,000 crore in Bokaro along with SAIL. The jointly owned plant is proposed to come up on a 1,000-acre (4.0 km2) plot of land that belongs to SAIL.
Reliance Steel Plant Billionaire Anil Ambani-promoted Reliance Infrastructure has identified three potential sites in Jharkhand for setting up the Rs 40,000-crore, 12 million tonne integrated greenfield steel project in which most appropriate and final location is Bokaro (On NH-23, Near Damodar Bridge).
SAIL-POSCO JV Steel Plant steel minister Virbhadra Singh last month announced another new steel plant for Bokaro as part of a joint venture with Posco and SAIL by using FINEX technologies for high quality steel. The Capacity of Steel plant will be 1.5 mt, establish in BSP peripheri of 500 acres (2.0 km2).
Bhushan Steel has also acquired land for its steel plant, capacity of 3MT/annum.
DVC and SAIL has a joint venture of 50:50 to extend the capacity of Bokaro power plant from 500 MW to 1000 MW.
ONGC has started exploring Methane Gas for Commercial use from Parbhatpur (10 km from Bokaro).
SEZ : Jharkhand government's second SEZ after Jamshedpur is planned to set up in BIADA in 500 acres (2.0 km2) land. Software Technology Park- Buoyed by the success of the software technology park (STPI) in the state capital, the government is planning to set up two more STPIs — one in Jamshedpur and the other in Bokaro. The Bokaro Industrial Area Development Authority (Biada) to make land available for the projects. It has suggested availability of land in the Balidih industrial area, where the ancillary units of Bokaro steel plant are housed.
Being an industrial area, agriculture has taken a back seat and is nothing worth mentioning except small amounts of paddy grown in the fringes of the city by the villagers.
According to the 2011 census, Bokaro district has a population of 2,062,330, This gives it a ranking of 222nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 716 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,850/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.99%. Bokaro has a sex ratio of 916 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.48%.
The city has a number of schools affiliated to the central and state education boards.
Some Reputed Schools -BRL DAV Public School,Bhandaridah- Bokaro
DAV Public School, Bokaro - Sec 4 and 6
St. Xavier's School - Sec.1
Adarsh Vidya Mandir- Chas, Bokaro
The Pentecostal Assembly School, Bokaro - Sec.12
Chinmaya Vidyalaya, Bokaro - Sec.5
Saraswati Vidya Mandir, Bokaro- Sec 2, 3, and 9
Kendriya Vidyalaya - No.1 and 3
Delhi Public School - Sec.4 and 5
Delhi Public School - Chas
Mar Gregarious Memorial Higher Secondary School- Sec. 4'F
Sree Ayyappa Public School- Sec. 5
GGPS - Sec.5 & Chas
Holy Cross Schoo - Balidih
Bokaro Ispat Vidyalayas — Sec.1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 12
ARS Public School — BSL LH.
Colleges and Institutes -College of Management & Computer Education (CMCE), Near K. K. Singh Colony, Chira Chas, Bokaro website - www.cmce.ac.in
Chas College Chas, Diwangang, Bokaro
Bokaro Steel City College — Sec.6
Bokaro Mahila College — Sec.3
Women's College — Sec.5 (Upcoming)
RBS College — Sec 12
Bokaro Institute of Technology — Marafari
Indian Engineers Institute;— Sec.5
Guru Gobind Singh Technical Campus — Kandra, Chas, Bokaro
Bibi Amina Law College — Sec.6
Birsa Munda Dental College — Sec.8
Dental College — Sec.6
Bokaro Girls Polytechnic — Balidih
B S City Chapter Of Cost Accountants (For ICWAI);— Sec.5
visthapit college, balidih
Bokaro is the education hub for IIT-JEE, AIEEE and AIPMT aspirants in Jharkhand.
The city has many technical institutes providing training in the field of Software, Hardware & Multimedia. There are many small institutes providing coaching to those preparing for competitive examinations and also teaching how to speak English. Most of these institutes are located in and around the City Centre, which is at the heart of Bokaro.
Places in Bokaro include:
City Park:- Located in Sector 1 and every year there is a Basant Mela Festival held there.
Jawahar Nehru Biological Park (Javik Udyan):- This is a Zoo in Bokaro, this is totally maintained by SAIL.
Jagannath Temple:- A popular tourist attraction, this temple looks exactly like the Jagannath Temple in Puri, Orrisa.
City Centre:- Shopping Hub of BS City.
Garga Dam:-Green surroundings and plenty of aquatic animals
The Bokaro Mall.
Chas market area.
Bokaro Steel Plant.