Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Blue rock thrush

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Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Passeriformes
Genus  Monticola
Rank  Species
Phylum  Chordata
Family  Muscicapidae
Scientific name  Monticola solitarius
Higher classification  Rock thrush
Blue rock thrush Blue rock thrush Wikipedia
Similar  Bird, Rock thrush, Common rock thrush, Black‑eared wheatear, Eurasian crag martin

Blue rock thrush a bird video


The blue rock thrush (Monticola solitarius) is a species of chat. This thrush-like Old World flycatcher was formerly placed in the family Turdidae. It breeds in southern Europe, northwest Africa, and from central Asia to northern China and Malaysia.

Contents

Blue rock thrush Blue rockthrush videos photos and facts Monticola solitarius

Male blue rock thrush


Taxonomy

Blue rock thrush Birdwatching in Malta Blue Rock Thrush

The blue rock thrush was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1758 in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae under the binomial name Turdus solitarius. The scientific name is from Latin. Monticola is from mons, montis "mountain", and colere, "to dwell", and the specific epithet solitarius means "solitary".

Blue rock thrush Blue rockthrush videos photos and facts Monticola solitarius

The rock thrush genus Monticola was formerly placed in the family Turdidae but molecular phylogenetic studies have shown that the species in the genus are more closely related to members of the Old World flycatcher family Muscicapidae.

There are five recognised subspecies:

Blue rock thrush Blue rockthrush photos Monticola solitarius ARKive
  • M. s. solitarius (Linnaeus, 1758) – northwest Africa, south Europe, north Turkey to Georgia and Azerbaijan to north Africa
  • M. s. longirostris (Blyth, 1847) – Greece and west and south Turkey through the Middle East to the northwest Himalayas to northeast Africa and India
  • M. s. pandoo (Sykes, 1832) – central Himalayas to east China and north Vietnam to Greater Sunda Islands
  • M. s. philippensis (Statius Müller, 1776) – east Mongolia to Sakhalin south to Japan, extreme north Philippines and northeast China to Indonesia
  • M. s. madoci Chasen, 1940 – Malay Peninsula and north Sumatra

  • Blue rock thrush httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

    There is a proposal to split Monticola solitarius into two species: a western taxon comprising M. s. solitarius and M. s. longirostris and an eastern taxon with M. s. philippensis, M. s. pandoo and M. s. madoci.

    Description

    The blue rock thrush is a starling-sized bird, 21–23 cm (8.3–9.1 in) in length with a long slim bill. The breeding male of the nominate subspecies is unmistakable, with all blue-grey plumage apart from its darker wings. Females and immatures are much less striking, with dark brown upperparts, and paler brown scaly underparts. The male of the subspecies M. s. philippensis has rufous-chestnut plumage from the mid-breast down to the undertail. Both sexes lack the reddish outer tail feathers of rock thrush.

    The male blue rock thrush sings a clear, melodious call that is similar to, but louder than the call of the rock thrush.

    Distribution and habitat

    The European, north African and southeast Asian birds are mainly resident, apart from altitudinal movements. Other Asian populations are more migratory, wintering in sub-Saharan Africa, India and southeast Asia. This bird is a very uncommon visitor to northern and western Europe.

    Behaviour

    Blue rock thrush breeds in open mountainous areas. It nests in rock cavities and walls, and usually lays 3-5 eggs. An omnivore, the blue rock thrush eats a wide variety of insects and small reptiles in addition to berries and seeds.

    The blue rock thrush is Malta's national bird and is shown on the Lm 1 coins that was part of the previous currency of the country.

    References

    Blue rock thrush Wikipedia


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