|Type Bicameral||Seats 243|
|Speaker Vijay Kumar Chaudhary, JD(U)|
Leader of Assembly Nitish Kumar, JD(U)Since 20 November 2015
Deputy CM Tejashwi Yadav, RJDSince 20 November 2015
Leader of Opposition Prem Kumar, BJPSince 30 November 2015
The Bihar Legislative Assembly, also known as the Bihar Vidhan Sabha, is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Bihar.
The Bihar Legislative Assembly came into existence in 1937. The Assembly had a strength of 152 members. According to the provisions of the Constitution of India, the first General Elections in the state were held in 1952. The total strength of membership in the Assembly was 331, including one nominated member. Dr Sri Krishna Singh became the first Leader of the House and the Chief Minister and Dr Anugrah Narayan Singh was elected the first Deputy Leader of the Assembly and became state's first Deputy Chief Minister. It was reduced to 318 during the second General Elections. In 1977, the total number of elected members of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was further raised from 318 to 324. With the creation of a separate State of Jharkhand, by an Act of Parliament titled the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000, the strength of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was reduced from 324 to 243 members. The current ruling government formed after 2015 legislative election consist of RJD+JD(U) + congress.
The Bihar Legislative Assembly is not a permanent body and subject to dissolution. The tenure of the Legislative Assembly is five years from the date appointed for its first sitting unless dissolved sooner. Members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected by the people.
There are three sessions (Budget, Monsoon, Winter) every year.
Current assembly elections were held in October–November 2015.