| West Bengal|
70, 71, 72, 73
| Rabindra Sadan, Netaji Bhavan and Jatin Das Park|
Bhowanipore or Bhabanipur (Bengali: ভবানীপুর) is the oldest locality of South Kolkata.It is located just south of the Lower Circular Road (now A.J.C. Bose Road). It is the second largest locality in South Kolkata after Ballygunge. The locality has its boundary touching the AJC Bose Road, Maidan, Victoria Memorial and consists of well-known and posh localities like Elgin Road, Gokhale Road, Woodburn Park, Bakulbagan Road, Harish Mukherjee Road, Beltala Road, Townshend Road and parts of Chakraberia and Lansdowne. The locality has an illustrious past and abounds with stories of great men and women who lived here, although in the recent years it has lost much of its glory to Ballygunge, which has gone ahead in terms of good roads, posh locales, and modern day developments.
Bhowanipore is perhaps the first 'posh' south Kolkata neighbourhood. In the early 19th century, it was just a small village on the southern outskirts of the city of Calcutta. By the early 1850s it developed into a favourable home to many immigrants into the city from the countryside of East Bengal. These immigrants were very literate and prosperous and just wanted to settle outside the more famous localities of northern Kolkata.
The Lower Circular Road (present AJC Bose Road) had just been constructed and the area just south of the road became home to many Indians who wanted to live in proximity to the city and yet away from it.
Many Englishmen also took fancy to the area and they also began settling in the area, but were far outnumbered by the local populace.
Initially the locality was bounded by Lansdowne Road (presently Sarat Bose Road) to the east, Russa Road (presently A.T. Mukherjee Road and S.P. Mukherjee Road) to the west and the Hazra Road to the south. But it expanded much more to the west, far beyond Harish Mukherjee Road to the Tolly Nullah.
The Jadu Babu's Bazaar on Asutosh Mukherjee Road was the heart of south Kolkata before Gariahat even developed. It is still the major market for the locality.
Many young people from the locality became notable individuals like Subhas Chandra Bose ("Netaji"), Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee and his son Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das, Uttam Kumar and lately Satyajit Ray, who made the area his home, among others.
Bhowanipore was also known as the cinema hall area of the city. Number of cinema halls like Purna, Indira, Bijoli, etc. screened Bengali and Hindi movies. Many of the halls are now closed down due to lack of patronage.
Since the start of the 20th century, the area became home to a large number of immigrants from other parts of India. Sikhs, Gujaratis and Tamils now form a major population of the locality.
Bhowanipore has also has its share of 21st century commercialization sweeping Kolkata. It is home to Kolkata's first mall-cum-multiplex - The Forum mall on Elgin Road with its Inox multiplex.
Many big companies have their head office in Bhowanipore, like Exide Industries Limited, Tata Tea Limited and Phillips India Limited to name a few. The head office of Automobile Association Of Eastern India is also located in this area.
A club in the name of " Bhowanipore Club" founded by one Nani Mitra stands at the entrance of the Maidan near the Rani Rashmani Statue and presently managed by the " Sangbad Pratidin" group.
Bhowanipore sits on some of the most important roads of Kolkata and till date the most accessible residential area of South Kolkata from its city-centre,and is excellently served by all buses plying through the southern part of the city.
The Kolkata Metro serves the area with the Rabindra Sadan, Netaji Bhavan and Jatin Das Park stations.Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute
Chittaranjan Sishu sadan
Ramkrishna Mission Seva Pratishtan
Sambhunath Pandit Hospital
Guru Tegh Bahadur M.S.C Hospital
Asutosh College, S. P. Mukherjee Road
Bhawanipur Education Society College, Elgin Road
Beltala Girls' School, Beltala Road
Gokhale Memorial School, Harish Mukherjee Road
Children's Hut, a Kindergarten school, Harish Mukherjee Road
Balmandir, Raja Ram Mohan Roy Road
J. J. Ajmera High School, Heysham Road
South Suburban School (Main),Subarban School Rd.
Julien Day School, Elgin Road and Ramesh Mitra Road.
United Missionary Girls' High School, Mukherjee Road.
Mitra Institution, Harish Mukherjee Road
St. John's Diocesan Girls' Higher Secondary School
Hartley's High/Pvt. School, Sarat Bose Road
Cathedral Mission High School, Elgin Road
South Calcutta Girls' School
South Calcutta Girls' College
Khalsa High School
IPGME&R and SSKM Hospital, Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Road
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose College
Adarsh Hindi High School, Boys' & Girls', Rammoy Road. Bhowanipore
Sir Ramesh Mitter Girls' High School
Netaji Bhawan, Elgin Road
Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee's house on Ashutosh Mukherjee Road
South Club, Kolkata's premier Tennis club
Satyajit Ray's rented house on Bishop Lefroy Road
The Forum Mall, Elgin Road
Puddapukur Swimming Centre, Lansdowne Road
Uttam Kumar's house at Girish Mukherjee Road
Ramkrishna Math- Gadhadhar Ashram on Harish Chatterjee Street
Swami Narayan Mandir, Chakraberia Road South.
Laxmi Narayan Mandir, Lansdown Road.
Northern Park, a historic park where many Freedom Fighters addressed their meetings
Subhas Chandra Bose, one of the frontline Freedom Fighters of British India, founder of Forward Bloc and the Indian National Army
Anil Kumar Gain, prominent mathematician from the University of Cambridge, Fellow of the Royal Society
Satyajit Ray, world-renowned film-maker, composer and author
Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das, renowned barrister and president of Swaraj Party
Brajendranath De, commissioner of Burdwan
Uttam Kumar, Matinee Idol, Immortal Hero of Bengali Movies
Tarun Kumar, Versatile Actor, Brother of Uttam Kumar
Ashutosh Mookerjee, vice-chancellor of the University of Calcutta
Shyama Prasad Mookerjee, founder of Jan Sangh and first union industry minister of India
Premendra Mitra, Author and Poet
Kabita Singha, Author and Poet
Debashis Rationalist, Rationalist and Humanist. General secretary of RHFI.
Siddhartha Shankar Ray, former Chief Minister of West Bengal, Barrister
Mamata Banerjee, Politician and founder of Trinamool Congress, Member of Parliament, Union Railway Minister of India(two times), Chief Minister of West Bengal.
Bijon Bhattacharya, eminent theater artist, director and famous Bengali play writer, also husband of eminent international award winning social worker and writer Smt.Mahasweta Devi.
Ranjit Mallick, Bengali film actor.
Hemant Kumar, famous singer, composer, and producer, attended Mitra Institution school of Bhowanipore area.