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Premendra Mitra

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Premendra Mitra


May 3, 1988, Kolkata

Gyanendranath Mitra

Premendra Mitra BookLover MamaBabu Samagra By Premendra Mitra

Poet, Novelist, Short Story Writer, Science Fiction Writer, Film Director, Professor of Bengali

Notable awards
Rabindra PuraskarPadmashreeSharat Puraskar

Beena Mitra (m. 1930–1988)

Ghanada Samagra 3, Adventures of Ghanada

Khandhar, Kabuliwala, Sri Lokanath, Apradhi Kaun?, Chupi Chupi Aashey

Similar People
Satyajit Ray, Mrinal Sen, Tapan Sinha, Soumitra Chatterjee, Debaki Bose

Suniti bhose nilkantho premendra mitra

Premendra Mitra (Bengali: প্রেমেন্দ্র মিত্র; 1904–1988) was a renowned Bengali poet, novelist, short story and thrillers writer and film director. He was also Bengal's most famous practitioner of science fiction in its own language. His critique of humanity led him to believe that for it to survive, human beings had to "forget their differences and be united".


Premendra Mitra Book Ghanada Samgra Volume 3 Premendra Mitra Author

Sagar theke phera by hemanta mukherjee sudhin dasgupta poet premendra mitra english translation


He was born in Varanasi, India where his father Gyanendranath Mitra was an employee of the Indian Railways and because of that he had the opportunity to travel to many places in India. Having lost his mother, who died during his childhood, he was brought up by his grandparents in Uttar Pradesh and spent his later life in Calcutta (now Kolkata) and Dhaka. He was a student of South Suburban School (Main) and enrolled for a BA at the Scottish Church College in Calcutta which he left prematurely to study agriculture in Santiniketan with a friend of Rabindranath Tagore, Leonard Elmhirst. Because it did not hold his interest, he returned to education first on an undergraduate course in Dhaka and in 1925 at Asutosh College in Calcutta where he assisted the research of Dinesh Chandra Sen.

Premendra Mitra akshar publication

During his initial years, he (unsuccessfully) aspired to be a physician and studied the natural sciences. Later he started out as a school teacher. He even tried to make a career for himself as a businessman, but he was unsuccessful in that venture as well. At a time, he was working in the marketing division of a medicine producing company. After trying out the other occupations, in which he met marginal or moderate success, he rediscovered his talents for creativity in writing and eventually became a Bengali author and poet.

Premendra Mitra httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediaencc1Pre

Married to Beena Mitra in 1930, he was, by profession, a Bengali professor at City College in north Calcutta. He spent almost his entire life in a house at Kalighat, Calcutta.

As an author and editor

In November 1923, Mitra came from Dhaka and stayed in a mess at Gobinda Ghoshal Lane, Calcutta. There, he wrote 2 stories and sent them to the popular Bengali journal Prabasi (meaning: The Exile). His first published work was Shudhu Keranee in Prabasi in March 1924. In the following issue, another story, Goponcharini, was published. His poems were better known for their sharpness and wit. They also expressed empathy for the sufferings of the proletariat. Five years earlier, in 1925, when Rabindranath Tagore wrote Punoshcho, the first universally accepted Bengali prose-poetry book, Mitra wrote some poetries in the magazines, Bijli, Kali Kalam, etc. which are of that kind. Buddhadeb Bosu thus wrote:

He is one of the earliest practitioners— one might say pioneers— of the prose poem.

The first book of poetry was Prothoma (1932).

His short stories were well-structured and innovative, and encompassed the diverse to the divergent in urban Indian society. The themes of poverty, degradation, caste, the intermittent conflict between religion and rationality and themes of the rural-urban divide are a thematically occurring refrain in much of his work. He experimented with the stylistic nuances of Bengali prose and tried to offer alternative linguistic parameters to the high-class elite prosaic Bengali language. It was basically an effort to make the Bengali literature free from softness, excessive romance and use of old style of writing which were prevalent in older writings. Nana Range Bona is not only a short story collection, but it is the only known autobiography of Premendra Mitra. He edited Bengali journals and news-magazines like Kollol [কল্লোল], Kali Kalam [কালি কলম], Banglar Kotha, Bongobani etc. He also wrote in Mouchak, a magazine run by Sudhir Chandra Sarkar. He was connected to the Akashbani at first as a producer, later he performed other duties.

He even wrote brilliant and innovative science fictions and thrillers. Those are based on firm scientific temperaments and facts. Two of his most well-known stories are Piprey Puran (The Story of the Ants) and Mangalbairi [মঙ্গলবৈরী] (The Martian Enemies). Although these are more popular among Bengali-speaking school children and teenagers, they are popular among an older generation of literary aficionados as well.


In particular, his creation of the character of Ghanada [ঘনাদা] (meaning: 'Elder brother Ghana' in Bengali) won him public recognition. The character of Ghanada is an uninterested unemployed middle-aged male who can apparently weave adventures almost at the drop of a hat. His adventures cover themes ranging from crime, human ingenuity, science, history, geography, metaphysics and philosophy. It is obvious that while Ghanada himself has not been involved in any of the adventures he claims to have taken part in, he is certainly a learned man with an exceptional gift for storytelling. The stories are notably accurate from a scientific point of view. Ghanada may be seen as Mitra's parody or caricature of the Bengali urban middle class celibate intellectual, who is at home in the world of books and knowledge, but has little practical experience whatsoever. It is also interesting to note that like Satyajit Ray's Feluda, the older Ghanada although not abhorring the opposite sex, is not entirely at ease with them either. He stays at an all-male hostel and maintains an almost frugal existence. Ghanada is a self-educated person and his education is mostly due to time spent at the local libraries. In a way, it could be argued that these stories also reflect larger patterns of social transformations.


Another masterpice of his creation was the character of Mejokorta (meaning: 'the next brother of the eldest son of a family' in Bengali). Mejokarta was a famous "Bhoot Shikari" (meaning: Ghost-hunter in Bengali). The series of Mejokarta, although not as long as that of Ghanada, has left its prominent mark in the genre of ghost stories in Bengali.

Mitra's literary works were included in the curriculum of school level, secondary, higher secondary and graduation level Bengali literature in Bangladesh and West Bengal.


  • Prothoma (First Lady)
  • Somrat (The Emperor)
  • Feraari Fouj (The Lost Army) Poetries:Phyan [ফ্যান]
  • Sagor Theke Fera (Returning From The Sea)
  • Horin Cheeta Chil (Deer, Cheetah, Kite) Poetries:Khunt [খুঁত] (Wrong)
  • Kokhono Megh (An Occasional Cloud)
  • Ananya (One-of-a-kind, Unique)
  • Khuda wahid (Allah)
  • Short story collections

  • PonchoShor [পঞ্চশর] (The Five Arrows)
  • Benami Bandar [বেনামি বন্দর] (Unknown Harbour)
  • Putul O Protima [পুতুল ও প্রতিমা] (Doll And Clay Image of Goddess)
  • Mrittika [মৃত্তিকা] (Earthen image)
  • Ofuronto [অফুরন্ত] (Endless)
  • Dhuli Dhusor [ধূলি ধূসর] (Fade As Dust)
  • Mohanagar [মহানগর] (The Great City)
  • Jol Payra (Water Pigeon)
  • Sreshto Golpo [শ্রেষ্ঠ গল্প] (Best Stories)
  • Nana Ronge Bona [নানা রঙে বোনা] (Knit with Different Colours)
  • Nirbachita [নির্বাচিত] (Selected)
  • English

    (Not actually written by him, later translated)

  • Snake And Other Stories
  • Mosquito and Other Stories
  • Adventures of Ghanada
  • For children
  • MayurPankhi [ময়ূরপঙ্খী]
  • SagorDanri [সাগরদাঁড়ি]
  • MakorMukhi [মকরমুখী]
  • .


  • Hariye [হারিয়ে]
  • Borong [বরং]
  • Misti Megh [মিষ্টি মেঘ] (A Sweet Cloud)
  • Onko [অঙ্ক] (Mathematics)
  • Misti [মিষ্টি] (Sweet)
  • Duti Banshi [দুটি বাঁশি] (The Two Flutes)
  • Megher Ghurhi [মেঘের ঘুড়ি] (The Kite of Cloud)
  • Fairy tales, ghost stories and teenager stories

  • Chorui Pakhira Kothay Jay [চড়ুই পাখিরা কোথায় যায়]
  • Lighthouse-e [লাইটহাউসে] (At the Lighthouse)
  • Satyabadi Suku [সত্যবাদী সুকু] (Suku the Truth Speaker)
  • Hatir Danter Kaj [হাতির দাঁতের কাজ] (Work Done By the Tooth of an Elephant)
  • Golper Swarge [গল্পের স্বর্গে] (At the Paradise of Stories)
  • Putuler Lorai [পুতুলের লড়াই] (The Fight of the Dolls)
  • Ramrajye Bidroha [রামরাজ্যে বিদ্রোহ]
  • Kurukshetre Bhaja Orfe Brihaddhaja [কুরুক্ষেত্রে ভজা ওরফে বৄহদ্ধজ] (Bhaja Alias Brihaddhaja at the Kurukshetra)
  • Ratan Panjali [রতন পাঞ্জালী]
  • Ko-Aai [কো-আই]
  • Porira Keno Ase Na [পরিরা কেন আসে না] (Why the Fairies Don’t Come)
  • KalRakkhos Kothay Thake? [কালরাক্ষস কোথায় থাকে?] (Where does KalRakkhos Live?)
  • Sanu O DudhRajkumar [সানু ও দুধরাজকুমার] (Sanu And DudhRajkumar)
  • KaluSardar (Kalu the Leader)
  • Gopon Bahini [গোপন বাহিনী] (The Secret Force)
  • Mahuri Kuthite Ek Rat [মাহুরি কুঠিতে এক রাত] (One Night Stand at Mahuri Kuthi)
  • Nishutipur [নিশুতিপুর]
  • Vuturhe Jahaj [ভূতুড়ে জাহাজ] (The Ghost Ship)
  • Ghost stories

  • Golper Sheshe (At the End of the Story)
  • Rajputanar Morute (At the Desert of the Rajputana)
  • Bromhadoityer Math (The Ground of Bromhadoityo (Ghost))
  • .

    Fun stories

  • Clue [ক্লু] (The Clue)
  • Chor [চোর] (The Thief)
  • Bhupaler Kopal [ভূপালের কপাল] (The Fate of Bhupal)
  • BishwomvorBabur Bibortonbad [বিশ্বম্ভরবাবুর বিবর্তনবাদ] (The Thesis of Evolution by BishwomvorBabu)
  • Niruddesh [নিরুদ্দেশ] (Missing Person)
  • .

    Science fictions

    He was among the pioneers of Bengali science fiction. He started writing Science fictions to make children and preteens familiar with science.

  • Juddho Keno Thamlo [যুদ্ধ কেন থামল] (Why the War Was Stopped)
  • Pinpre Puran [পিঁপড়ে পুরাণ] (The Story of the Ants)
  • Prithivir Shatru [পৄথিবীর শত্রু] (The Enemies of the Earth)
  • Kalapanir Atole [কালাপানির অতলে]
  • Mangalbairi [মঙ্গলবৈরী] (The Martian Enemies)
  • Koral Kit [করাল কীট] (Horrible Insect)
  • Akasher Atonko [আকাশের আতঙ্ক] (The Danger from the Sky)
  • Manusher Protidwondi [মানুষের প্রতিদ্বন্দ্বী] (The Rival of the Man)
  • MoyDanober Dweep [ময়দানবের দ্বীপ] (The Island of MoyDanob)
  • Shomaoner Ron(g) Sada [শমনের রং সাদা] (The White Coloured Death)
  • Shukre Jara Giyechhilo [শুক্রে যারা গিয়েছিল] Who They Went to Venus; previously named as Prithibee Chhariye [পৃথিবী ছাড়িয়ে] (Beyond the Earth)
  • Novels

  • Paank (The Mud)
  • Michhil (The Procession)
  • Uponayon (The Ceremony)
  • Protishod (The Revenge)
  • Kuasha (The Fog)
  • Protidhwoni Fere (Echo Returns)
  • Haat Baralei Bondhu
  • Ora Thake Odhare
  • Path Bhuley
  • Dabi
  • Ghanada (Brother Ghana)

    Ghanada (Original name: Ghanashyam Das) is a middle-aged resident of a mess at 72, Banamali Naskar Lane in Kolkata, West Bengal with the four young members Shibu, Shishir, Gour and Sudhir (the narrator of the stories). He claims himself to be full of thrilling experience all over the globe (and, even in Mars!) to tackle conspiracies. Also, some of the stories are about Ganado (Original name: Ghonoram Das [ঘনরাম দাস]) in South America, and Bachanram Das [বচনরাম দাস] in Agra at Medieval India, his ancestors. First Ghanada story is Mawshaa [মশা] (The Mosquito) in 1945.

    Mamababu (Maternal Uncle)

    Mamababu lived in Burma on account of his service. Original name of this middle-aged man is never stated. His expeditions are written in many novels and short-stories, such as:

  • Kuhoker Deshe (In the Land of Illusion)
  • Dryagoner Nishwas (The Breath of the Dragon)
  • Mamababur Protidan (The Refund of Mamababu)
  • Abar Sei Meyeti (The Girl Again)
  • Paharer Nam Korali (The Hill Named Korali)
  • This character inspires Sunil Gangopadhyay to write his famous Kakababu series.

    Parashor Barma

    Parashor Barma is a detective but he tries to be a poet. First Parashor story is Goyenda Kobi Parashor [গোয়েন্দা কবি পরাশর] (Detective Poet Parashor) in 1932. Some other stories are:

  • Hippie Songe Parashor Barma [হিপি সঙ্গে পরাশর বর্মা] (Parashor Barma in Hippie Company)
  • Cluber naam kumati [ক্লাবের নাম কুমতি] (Club named Kumati)
  • Nilem daklo parashor Barma [নিলেম ডাকলো পরাশর বর্মা] (Parashor called an auction)
  • Premer Chokhe Parashor [প্রেমের চোখে পরাশর] (Parashor in the Eye of Love)
  • Parashor Barma O Bhanga Radio [পরাশর বর্মা ও ভাঙ্গা রেডিও] (Parashor Barma and the Broken Radio)
  • Parashor Barma O Ashlil Boi [পরাশর বর্মা ও অশ্লীল বই] (Parashor Barma and the Book of Vulger)
  • Parashor Ebar Johuri [পরাশর এবার জহুরি]
  • Two Ghanada tales also include Parashar Barma : Parasharey Ghanaday and Ghanada Phirlen.


    Like Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay's Baroda, Mejokorta is also famous for his ghost stories.

    There are 11 stories of Mejokorta in total. Two are uncollected. The rest are in the book Bhoot Shikari Mejo Korta Ebong... (Mejo Korta the Ghost Hunter and...).

    All stories are claimed by the narrator to be found in an very old hand-written manuscript, which the narrator found inside a running bus.

    The Blogus blog displays original headpieces from Mejokorta stories, as they appeared in Puja annuals & periodicals :

    1. Sharat-Smriti Puraskar in 1954
    2. In 1957, he went to Belgium, (his first foreign tour) to attend the World Poetry Festival. He was selected the leader of the Indian team.
    3. Sahitya Akademi Award for Sagor Theke Fera in1957
    4. Rabindra Puraskar in 1958
    5. Shishu Sahitya Puraskar by Govt. of West Bengal in 1958 for Ghanada series
    6. Receiving Leader's Grant from the United States, he travelled the United States and England in 1962.
    7. Ananda Puraskar in 1973
    8. Nehru Award from Soviet Russia in 1976
    9. D Lit from Burdwan University in 1981
    10. Jagattarini Gold Medal from University of Calcutta in 1981
    11. Vidya Sagar Puraskar in 1984
    12. Deshikottam from Visva Bharati on 16 January 1988

    He was also awarded the Padmashree and the Mouchak Puraskar.

    Currently, his books are published from Shishu Sahitya Samsad, Ananda Publishers and Dey's Publishing. Ananda has published the complete collection of Ghanada, in 3 volumes: Ghanada Samagra 1, Ghanada Samagra 2, Ghanada Samagra 3 and the complete collection of Parashor Barma in a single volume: Parashor Samagra.

    Leela Majumdar translated several Ghanada tales in a volume called Adventures of Ghanada. The latest English translation of his Ghanada stories (Mosquito and Other Stories) was published by Penguin Books India in 2004. Some more translated works are available now-a-days.

  • Samadhan [সমাধান] (The Solution) Bengali,1943
  • Bideshini [বিদেশিনী] (The Foreigner Lady) Bengali, 1944
  • Path Bendhe Dilo [পথ বেঁধে দিল] (The Way Is Closed) Bengali, 1945.
  • Rajlakshmi Hindi, 1945.
  • Notun Khobor [নতুন খবর] (New News) Bengali, 1947: Starred by Dhiraj Bhattacharya. Story, Screenplay by Mitra.
  • Kalo Chhaya [কালো ছায়া] (Black Shadow) Bengali, 1947: Starred by Dhiraj Bhattacharya.
  • Kuasha (1949) [কুয়াশা] (The Fog) Bengali, 1949: Based on his own novel, starring Nripati Chattopadhyay.
  • Kankantala Light Railway 1950
  • Setu 1951
  • Hanabari [হানাবাড়ি] (The Haunted House) Bengali, 1952: A Dhiraj Bhattacharya and Nabadwip Halder starred film, where the mystery of a terrible creature in a haunted building was solved by a detective in disguise of a beggar. This movie was also produced by Mitra.
  • Dui Biye [দুই বিয়ে়] (Two Marriages) Bengali, 1953: Nripati Chattopadhyay and Dhiraj Bhattyacharya acted.
  • Moyla Kagaj [ময়লা কাগজ] (The Dirty Paper) Bengali, 1954: Cast by Anil Chatterjee and Nripati Chattopadhyay.
  • Dakinir Char [ডাকিনীর চর] (The Island of Witch) Bengali, 1955
  • Chupi Chupi Aashey [চুপি চুপি আসে] (Silently He Comes) Bengali, 1960; an uncredited adaptation of Agatha Christie's 'The Mousetrap'.
  • Story, screenplay, lyrics and dialogues

  • Bhabikaal [ভাবী কাল] (The Future) Bengali, 1945 – Story: Directed by Niren Lihiri.
  • Avijog [অভিযোগ] (The Complain) Bengali, 1947 – Story, Screenplay, Lyrics: Directed by Shushil Majumder.
  • Digvranto [দিগভ্রান্ত] (The Lost Destination) Bengali, 1950 – Story, Screenplay: Directed by Shushil Majumder.
  • Ora Thake Odhare [ওরা থাকেccওধারে] (They Live That Side) Bengali, 1954 – Story, Screenplay, Lyrics: This funny movie is based on contemporary Ghati [ঘটি] and Bangal [বাঙাল] disputes of fifties. Starred by Uttam Kumar, Suchitra Sen, Bhanu Bandyopadhyay, Tulsi Chakrabarti, Chhabi Biswas and Dhiraj Bhattacharya. Directed by Sukumar Dashgupta.
  • References

    Premendra Mitra Wikipedia

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