Suvarna Garge (Editor)

Belcher Islands

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Location  Hudson Bay
Territory  Nunavut
Area  2,896 kmĀ²
Total islands  1,500
Region  Qikiqtaaluk
Belcher Islands Sanikiluaq Sea Ice Project elokaarcticorg
Archipelago  Belcher Islands Archipelago
Major islands  Flaherty Island, Kugong Island, Tukarak Island, Innetalling Island
Islands  Flaherty Island, Tukarak Island, Innetalling Island

Belcher islands raised beaches


The Belcher Islands (Inuit: Sanikiluaq) are an archipelago in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, Canada. Located in Hudson Bay, the Belcher Islands are spread out over almost 3,000 square kilometres (1,160 sq mi). The hamlet of Sanikiluaq (where the majority of the archipelago's inhabitants live) is on the north coast of Flaherty Island and is the southernmost in Nunavut. Along with Flaherty Island, the other large islands are Kugong Island, Tukarak Island, and Innetalling Island. Other main islands in the 1,500 island archipelago are Moore Island, Wiegand Island, Split Island, Snape Island and Mavor Island, while island groups include the Sleeper Islands, King George Islands, and Bakers Dozen Islands.

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Hudson s bay co belcher islands nwt canada 1968


HistoryEdit

Belcher Islands Earth Snapshot Belcher Island

Before 1914, English-speaking cartographers knew very little about the Belcher Islands, which they showed on maps as specks, much smaller than their true extent. In that year a map showing them, drawn by George Weetaltuk, came into the hands of Robert Flaherty, and cartographers began to represent them more accurately. The islands are named for Royal Navy Admiral Sir Edward Belcher (1799-1877).

GeologyEdit

Belcher Islands wwwmitiqcomsanikiluaqimagesducksatpolynyab

The geologic units of the Belcher Islands are Proterozoic in age. The exposed clastic sedimentary rocks, as well as volcanic and carbonate units record rifting and subsidence of the Superior craton during this period. There are two main volcanic sequences on the Belcher Islands called the Eskimo and overlying Flaherty volcanics. These volcanics form part of the Circum-Superior Belt.

FloraEdit

Other than in valley regions, trees cannot grow on the islands because of a lack of adequate soil.

FaunaEdit

Belcher Islands Belcher Islands Canada Image of the Day

The main wildlife consists of belugas, walrus, caribou, common eiders and snowy owls all which can be seen on the island year round. There is also a wide variety of fish that can be caught such as Arctic char, cod, capelin, lump fish, and sculpin. The historical relationship between the Sanikiluaq community and the eider is the subject of a feature length Canadian documentary film called People of a Feather. The director, cinematographer and biologist Joel Heath spent seven years on the project, writing biological articles on the eider.

In 1998 the Belcher Island caribou (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus) herd numbered 800.

Belcher Islands Belcher Islands Wikipedia

References

Belcher Islands Wikipedia


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