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Autism Network International

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Autism Network International (ANI) is an advocacy organization run by and for autistic people. ANI's principles involve the anti-cure perspective, the perspective that there should not be a goal to "cure" people of autism.



ANI was started by Jim Sinclair, Kathy Grant and Donna Williams in 1992. The advocacy group is organized by autistic people for autistic people. ANI started out as a pen pal group, but when they first met in person, "they felt a sense of belonging, of being understood, of having the same concepts and sharing a language, of being normal." Sinclair and the other founders created an online community where participants could discuss issues in the online forum. ANI began publishing a newsletter, called "Our Voice," which was distributed through the ANI website.

ANI is responsible for coining the word "neurologically typical." Sinclair used ANI to help focus on the positive benefits of being Autistic, rather than the negatives. ANI has helped autistic individuals learn "the important lesson of delighting in a shared autistic culture."


Autreat is a United States retreat and conference hosted by Autism Network International for autistic people. The first Autreat was in 1996, and was held at Camp Bristol Hills in New York. In 1999, there were 80 attendees, with one woman traveling from as far as Japan. As of 2012, there has been an Autreat every year since then except 2001. Autreat is a conference for autistic people "designed by autistic people. It is a contrast to other autism conferences, which ANI believes are typically about autistic people but are intended for parents and professionals. Although parents, professionals, and others are welcome, Autreat is specifically designed for autistics, and offers an "autism friendly" environment, free of sensory bombardment. Guests are under no pressure to interact socially. A simple visual code in the form of a colored badge is used to indicate members who wish to interact with anyone and everyone, those who wish not to be approached by strangers, and those who wish not to be approached at all.

Autreat is an annual spring gathering of autistics, where some forms of autistic behavior are encouraged. Autreat participants, for instance, can wear color-coded badges that indicate whether they are willing to be approached for conversation. Common autistic mannerisms, like exceedingly literal conversation and hand-flapping, are to be expected. Common sources of autistic irritation, like casual hugs and fluorescent lighting, are not. Autreat helps allow autistic individuals a "place to pursue and enjoy a nonconforming subculture."

Autreat has inspired similar programs in other countries, such as Autscape in England and Projekt Empowerment in Sweden.


Autism Network International Wikipedia

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