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Aurich

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Country  Germany
District  Aurich
Postal codes  26603 - 26607
Population  40,447 (31 Dec 2008)
State  Lower Saxony
Time zone  CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Dialling codes  04941
Local time  Thursday 2:04 PM
Aurich httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Weather  7°C, Wind W at 29 km/h, 81% Humidity
Points of interest  Historisches Museum Aurich, Stiftsmühle, Upstalsboom, Bürgermeister‑Müller‑Platz, Großsteingrab Tannenhausen "Botter Br

Aurich ( German pronunciation ; Low German: Auerk, Frisian: Auwerk) is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is the capital of the district of Aurich.

Contents

Map of Aurich, Germany

History

The history of Aurich dates back to the 13th century, when the settlement of Aurechove was mentioned in a Frisian document called the Brokmerbrief in 1276. In 1517, Count Edzard from the House of Cirksena began rebuilding the town after an attack. He established the town centre, which is still in place today. In 1539, the land authorities were brought together in Aurich, making it the county capital and, later, East Frisia, remaining the seat of the land authorities when East Frisia was inherited by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1744. After the Prussian Army was defeated in the Battle of Jena in 1807, Aurich became part of the Kingdom of Holland in 1808. In 1810, the Kingdom of Holland was annexed by France and Aurich was made the capital of the department Ems-Oriental of the First French Empire. After Napoleon was defeated in 1814, it passed to the Kingdom of Hanover in 1815, and then was annexed by Prussia in 1866 and made part of the Province of Hanover.

From October 21, 1944, until December 23, 1944, a Nazi concentration camp was established in Aurich. The camp was a subcamp to the Neuengamme concentration camp.

After World War II, Aurich became part of the new state of Lower Saxony.

Local council

The local council has 40 members The elections in september 2016 showed the following results

  • SPD: 13 Sitze
  • CDU: 11 Sitze
  • AWG 4 Sitze
  • Gemeinsam für Aurich (GfA), 4 Sitze
  • Alliance 90/The geens 3 Sitze
  • The Left 2 Sitze
  • Grün-Alternative Politik (GAP)(Green alternative politics) 2 Sitze
  • FDP, 1 Sitz
  • Coat of arms

    Aurich's coat of arms is drawn by the blazon: "Arms: Landscape with chief two-thirds sky and base third earth, a shield Gules emblazoned with letter 'A' Or, an open-topped crown Or above, two growing trees Vert at sides. Crown: A battlement Gules with three merlons and two embrasures. Supporters: Two branches of mistletoe with leaves and berries Or.".

    Note that the coat of arms of the eponymous district differs.

    Notable residents

  • Karl Deichgräber (1903–1984), classical philologist
  • Rudolf Eucken (1846-1926), German philosopher, winner of the 1908 Nobel Prize for Literature
  • Karl Heinrich Ulrichs (1825-1895), writer
  • Friedrich August Peter von Colomb (1775-1854), Prussian general
  • Yitzhak Raveh (1906–1989), Israeli judge
  • Aloys Wobben (1952-), German engineer
  • References

    Aurich Wikipedia


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