26603 - 26607
40,447 (31 Dec 2008)
| Lower Saxony|
Thursday 2:04 PM
| 7°C, Wind W at 29 km/h, 81% Humidity|
Historisches Museum Aurich, Stiftsmühle, Upstalsboom, Bürgermeister‑Müller‑Platz, Großsteingrab Tannenhausen "Botter Br
Aurich ( German pronunciation ; Low German: Auerk, Frisian: Auwerk) is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is the capital of the district of Aurich.
The history of Aurich dates back to the 13th century, when the settlement of Aurechove was mentioned in a Frisian document called the Brokmerbrief in 1276. In 1517, Count Edzard from the House of Cirksena began rebuilding the town after an attack. He established the town centre, which is still in place today. In 1539, the land authorities were brought together in Aurich, making it the county capital and, later, East Frisia, remaining the seat of the land authorities when East Frisia was inherited by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1744. After the Prussian Army was defeated in the Battle of Jena in 1807, Aurich became part of the Kingdom of Holland in 1808. In 1810, the Kingdom of Holland was annexed by France and Aurich was made the capital of the department Ems-Oriental of the First French Empire. After Napoleon was defeated in 1814, it passed to the Kingdom of Hanover in 1815, and then was annexed by Prussia in 1866 and made part of the Province of Hanover.
From October 21, 1944, until December 23, 1944, a Nazi concentration camp was established in Aurich. The camp was a subcamp to the Neuengamme concentration camp.
After World War II, Aurich became part of the new state of Lower Saxony.
The local council has 40 members The elections in september 2016 showed the following resultsSPD: 13 Sitze
CDU: 11 Sitze
AWG 4 Sitze
Gemeinsam für Aurich (GfA), 4 Sitze
Alliance 90/The geens 3 Sitze
The Left 2 Sitze
Grün-Alternative Politik (GAP)(Green alternative politics) 2 Sitze
FDP, 1 Sitz
Aurich's coat of arms is drawn by the blazon: "Arms: Landscape with chief two-thirds sky and base third earth, a shield Gules emblazoned with letter 'A' Or, an open-topped crown Or above, two growing trees Vert at sides. Crown: A battlement Gules with three merlons and two embrasures. Supporters: Two branches of mistletoe with leaves and berries Or.".
Note that the coat of arms of the eponymous district differs.Karl Deichgräber (1903–1984), classical philologist
Rudolf Eucken (1846-1926), German philosopher, winner of the 1908 Nobel Prize for Literature
Karl Heinrich Ulrichs (1825-1895), writer
Friedrich August Peter von Colomb (1775-1854), Prussian general
Yitzhak Raveh (1906–1989), Israeli judge
Aloys Wobben (1952-), German engineer