Rahul Sharma

Audrey Henshall

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Occupation  archaeologist
Audrey Henshall
Books  The Chambered Cairns of the Central Highlands: An Inventory of the Structures and Their Contents
People also search for  Alison Sheridan, Graham Ritchie, J. L. Davidson, Niall M. Sharples

Audrey Henshall OBE (born 1927) is a British archaeologist known for her work on Scottish chambered cairns, prehistoric pottery and early textiles, including clothing found preserved in peat bogs.

Contents

Life and work

Audrey Shore Henshall was born in Oldham, Lancashire in 1927 and went to Edinburgh University, graduating MA in 1949. From 1960 to 1971 she was the Assistant Keeper of Archaeology at the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland. She was appointed Assistant Secretary of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland in 1970, and is an honorary fellow of that society. She is also a fellow of the London Society of Antiquaries. In 1992 a Festschrift was published in her honour and in 1993 came an OBE "for services to archaeology". She has been called “a leading authority in a number of fields in early archaeology”.

Chambered cairns

Her research in this area led to two “significant” volumes on the “chambered tombs of Scotland”, published in 1963 and 1972. They were well received by reviewers with comments like "grand result...scholarly work of science and art", and together regarded as a “classic work of reference for the subject”. These were followed by four co-authored books about chambered cairns in specific parts of northern Scotland.

  • The chambered tombs of Scotland. Vol.1, Edinburgh University Press 1963
  • The chambered tombs of Scotland. Vol.2, Edinburgh University Press 1972
  • The chambered cairns of Orkney: an inventory of the structures and their contents, with J.L. Davidson, Edinburgh University Press, 1989
  • The chambered cairns of Caithness: an inventory of the structures and their contents, with J.L. Davidson, Edinburgh University Press, 1991
  • The chambered cairns of Sutherland: an inventory of the structures and their contents, with J.N.G. Ritchie. Edinburgh University Press 1995
  • The chambered cairns of the Central Highlands: an inventory of the structures and their contents, with J.N.G. Ritchie. Edinburgh University Press 2001
  • Henshall also published:

  • The excavation of a chambered cairn at Embo, Sutherland. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland; 96, 1962-1963
  • Scottish chambered tombs and long mounds. In Renfrew, Colin, British Prehistory, Duckworth, 1974
  • Prehistoric pottery

    Henshall is knowledgeable about prehistoric pottery, which was found amongst the grave goods in the tombs, and described in the books on chambered cairns. One writer considers her "major contributions" have been "in the fields of funerary and ceramic studies". Some of her articles on pottery can be found in the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, for example, articles on:

  • Pottery and stone implements from Ness of Gruting (vol. 84)
  • Beakers from Cawdor (vol. 114)
  • Early textiles

    Much of her work on textiles was published in the 1950s and 1960s. In this she was encouraged by the expert Grace Crowfoot with whom she co-authored some articles. Her work on the "Gunnister Man's" 300-year-old clothing found in a peat bog in Shetland attracted wide interest as did her identification of colours used in centuries-old textiles. The tartan pattern discovered at Dungiven led to the revival of "an authentic early 17th century tartan". Descriptions of early textiles and clothing designs arising from her forensic examination have been said to be amongst her "most fascinating work".

  • Note on an early stocking in "sprang" technique found near Micklegate Bar, York, Yorkshire Philosophical Society 1951
  • Clothing and other articles from a late 17th-century grave at Gunnister, Shetland, with Stuart Maxwell, 1954
  • Early textiles found in Scotland, with Stuart Maxwell. Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 1956
  • Early textiles found in Scotland. Part II medieval imports, with G.M. Crowfoot and J. Beckwith. Edinburgh, 1956
  • The Dungiven costume: (a study of 17th century native dress in Ulster) with Wilfred Seaby. With contributions by A.T. Lucas, A.G. Smith and A. Connor. Ulster Journal of Archaeology. vols. 24-25 (1961–62)
  • Five tablet-woven seal tags, Royal Archaeological Institute 1965
  • More of her articles on textiles can be found in the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, for example:

  • Textile impression on iron fragment from Dun Cuier, Barra (vol. 89)
  • Clothing found at Huntsgarth, Orkney (vol. 101)
  • References

    Audrey Henshall Wikipedia


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