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Asplenium nidus

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Kingdom  Plantae
Order  Polypodiales
Genus  Asplenium
Higher classification  Asplenium
Division  Pteridophyta
Family  Aspleniaceae
Scientific name  Asplenium nidus
Rank  Species
Asplenium nidus Asplenium nidus Wikipedia
Similar  Asplenium, Asplenium antiquum, Aspleniaceae, Nephrolepis, Staghorn ferns

Asplenium nidus bird s nest fern


Asplenium nidus is an epiphytic species of fern in the family Aspleniaceae, native to tropical southeastern Asia, eastern Australia, Hawaii, Polynesia, Christmas Island, India, and eastern Africa. It is known by the common names bird's-nest fern (a name shared by other aspleniums) or simply nest fern.

Contents

Asplenium nidus Asplenium nidus Tropical Ferns and Allies Pinterest Ferns

A 2015 molecular study found that Asplenium nidus is polyphyletic, meaning that some populations were not closely related to others—A. nidus from Madagascar, Vanuatu and New Guinea were more closely related to other species than each other. Hence a revision with sampling of the species across its range was required to delineate the taxon and identify cryptic species.

Asplenium nidus Growing Asplenium Nidus Ferns Bomets

Bird s nest fern asplenium nidus


Description

Asplenium nidus httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Asplenium nidus forms large simple fronds visually similar to banana leaves, with the fronds growing to 50–150 centimetres (20–59 in) long and 10–20 centimetres (3.9–7.9 in) broad. They are light green, often crinkled, with a black midrib, and exhibit circinate vernation. Spores develop in sori on the underside of the fronds. These sori form long rows extending out from the midrib on the back of the outer part of the lamina (frond). The fronds roll back as they brown and create a massive leaf nest in the branches and trunks of trees.

Native distribution

Asplenium nidus Asplenium nidus Images Useful Tropical Plants

Asplenium nidus is native to east tropical Africa (in Tanzania, inclusive of the Zanzibar Archipelago); temperate and tropical Asia (in Indonesia; East Timor; the prefecture of Kyushu, and the Ryukyu Islands of Japan; Malaysia; the Philippines; Taiwan; and Thailand); and in Australasia (in the northern part of Queensland in Australia).

Habitat

Asplenium nidus Online Plant Guide Asplenium nidus 39Victoria39 Victoria Birdnest Fern

Asplenium nidus can survive either as an epiphytal, or terrestrial plant, but typically grows on organic matter. This fern often lives in palm trees or bromeliads, where it collects water and humus in its leaf-rosette. It thrives in warm, humid areas in partial to full shade.

Uses

Asplenium nidus Asplenium nidus Alpine Nurseries

With a minimum temperature of 10 °C (50 °F), Asplenium nidus is widely cultivated in temperate regions as a houseplant. However, many plants sold in America as A. nidus are actually Asplenium australasicum, which has longer sori, and a differently shaped midrib. 'A. nidus has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Asplenium nidus has been used locally in folk medicine for asthma, sores, weakness, and halitosis.

The sprouts of A. nidus are eaten as a vegetable in Taiwan where it is called 山蘇 (pronounced shān sũ) and typically cut into inch-long pieces and fried with garlic and chilli peppers.

Protection

In Hong Kong, this species is under protection based on Forestry Regulations Cap. 96A.

References

Asplenium nidus Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Aspleniaceae
Asplenium
Asplenium antiquum
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