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Arno Rafael Minkkinen

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Name  Arno Minkkinen

Role  Photographer

Books  Arno Rafael Minkkinen, Body Land, Waterline, Balanced Equation, William Ropp: faces
Education  Rhode Island School of Design (1972–1974), Wagner College (1964–1967), School of Visual Arts
Awards  Guggenheim Fellowship for Creative Arts, US & Canada
Similar People  Harry Callahan, Aaron Siskind, Sally Mann, Eikoh Hosoe, Bill Brandt

Arno rafael minkkinen

Arno Rafael Minkkinen (born Helsinki, 1945) is a Finnish photographer who works in the United States.


Published and exhibited worldwide, Minkkinen’s work can be found in the collections of the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, the Addison Gallery of American Art in Andover, Massachusetts, the Centre Pompidou and Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris France, the Musée de l'Élysée in Lausanne Switzerland, the Center for Creative Photography in Arizona, the Finnish Museum of Photography, and the Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography among many others.

Arno Rafael Minkkinen ARNO RAFAEL MINKKINEN Fotofestiwal 2011

Seven solo monographs on his work have been published: Frostbite (1978), Waterline (1994, winner of the 25th Rencontres d’Arles Book Prize), Body Land (1999), SAGA: The Journey of Arno Rafael Minkkinen, 35 Years of Photographs (2005), Homework: The Finnish Photographs (2008), Swimming in the Air (2009), and Balanced Equation (2010). The retrospective survey SAGA premiered at the DeCordova Museum in Lincoln, MA, in 2005. The 120-print retrospective toured to Romania, Slovakia, Finland, Italy, China, and Canada.

Arno Rafael Minkkinen wwwluciesorgwpcontentuploads201410ArnoRaf

Minkkinen was conferred the First Class Order of the Lion of Finland Medal of knighthood by the Finnish government in 1992, and awarded the Finnish State Art Prize in Photography in 2006.

Arno Rafael Minkkinen Human Nature Arno Rafael Minkkinen 19702015 FEP

Arno rafael minkkinen


Arno Rafael Minkkinen Human Nature Arno Rafael Minkkinen 19702015 FEP

Minkkinen is a Finnish-American photographer. He was born in Helsinki, Finland in 1945 and emigrated to the United States in 1951. A graduate of Wagner College with a Bachelor of Arts in English Literature, he began taking self-portraits in 1971 while working as an advertising copywriter on Madison Avenue in New York. Studying later with Harry Callahan and Aaron Siskind at Rhode Island School of Design, he earned his Master of Fine Arts degree in photography in 1974. Over the past four decades, Minkkinen has been engaged as a teacher, curator, and writer while continuing to devote his photographic research and energies to the self-portrait: unmanipulated images of the human figure in the natural landscape.

Teaching activities

Professor of Art at the University of Massachusetts Lowell, Minkkinen also serves as Docent at Aalto University of Art & Design Helsinki. Earlier in his teaching career he served as Assistant Professor at M.I.T., Visiting Artist at Philadelphia College of Art (now University of the Arts (Philadelphia)), the École d’Arts Appliqués in Vevey, Switzerland, and as graduate faculty at Maine Media College in Rockport, Maine. Since joining UMass Lowell in 1987, Minkkinen has taken students to Europe, in particular, Finland and Russia (1988), and Czechoslovakia (1989). In 1996, in a collaborative UMass Lowell/Lahti Institute of Design (Lahti, Finland) exchange program called Spirit Level, thirty Finnish, American, and Swiss students toured through Finland, Russia, and Eastern Europe for three weeks with Minkkinen and photo department head at Lahti, Timo Laaksonen. Among the students at the time was Mark Eshbaugh who later became an adjunct professor at UMass Lowell. Seven years after the first Spirit Level, together with Timo Laaksonen and Mark Eshbaugh a professor at Umass Lowell at that time, Tuscany in Italy (2003) and Oaxaca, Mexico (2007) were added to the program. The first three workshops resulted in the publication of a book commemorating those first three experiences. More recent Spirit Level workshops organized by Minkkinen include collaborations with Aalto University in Helsinki, Finland and the Foundation Studio Marangoni in Florence, Italy (2010) as well as the Bilder Nordic School of Photography in Oslo and the École Supérieure d’Arts & Medias de Caen/Cherbourg in France (2012) for an American Road Trip to the studio farmlands of American photographer Sally Mann.

Minkkinen has taught workshops worldwide, particularly at the Maine Photographic Workshops (now Maine Media Workshops), Maine Media College (as part of the graduate faculty), the Art Institute of Boston at Lesley University, Anderson Ranch in Colorado, Santa Fe Workshops in New Mexico, the Friends of Photography in Carmel, California, and in Europe at the Rencontres d’Arles in Arles, France, the Toscana Photographic Workshops in Tuscany, Italy, as well as workshop programs in Finland, Norway, Luxembourg, and China. Minkkinen is serving a second four-year term as national board member of the Society of Photographic Education (2008 to 2016).

Recent work

Since 2009, Minkkinen has developed a growing interest in feature filmmaking and screenwriting. In 2010, he received a first round of support from the Finnish Film Foundation for a screenplay he had written and will be directing. To be shot in Finnish Karelia and Finntown, Brooklyn, the feature-length project signals the beginning of a new filmmaking career. The demo preview of The Rain House was screened at the Film Society of Lincoln Center’s Elinor Bunin Munroe Film Center in connection with the Dance Films Association’s 41st Dance on Camera Festival (2013).

Monographs and curated anthologies

  • Frostbite. Morgan & Morgan, Dobbs Ferry, New York. ISBN 978-0-87100-143-6.
  • New American Nudes: Recent Trends & Attitudes. Morgan & Morgan, Dobbs Ferry, NY. MIT Creative Photography Gallery.
  • Elegant Intimacy. Retretti Art Center, Punkaharju, Finland. With J. H. Lartigue and Sally Mann. Also Harry Callahan, Emmet Gowin, Claude Batho, Yves Tremorin, Roman Vishniac, and Alfred Stieglitz.
  • Waterline. Marval, Paris; Otava, Helsinki; Aperture, New York, 1993. ISBN 978-0-89381-648-3. Grand Prix du Livre, 25th Rencontres d’Arles Photography Festival.
  • The Waterline Portfolio. Aperture Foundation.
  • Ten Minutes Past Midnight. Musta Taide, Helsinki, Finland.
  • Body Land. (Motta, Milan, 1997; Nathan, Paris, 1988), Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., 1999. ISBN 978-1-56098-880-9.
  • SAGA: The Journey of Arno Rafael Minkkinen, Thirty Years of Photographs. Chronicle Books, San Francisco, 2005. ISBN 978-0-8118-5146-6. Essay by A. D. Coleman.
  • Swimming in the Air. Cavallo Point at Golden Gate National Park, San Francisco.
  • SAGA: The Journey of Arno Rafael Minkkinen. SEE+ Art Space Gallery, Beijing.
  • Homework / Suomen Kuvat, The Finnish Photographs of Arno Rafael Minkkinen, 1973 to 2008. Like Publishing, Helsinki, 2008. ISBN 978-952-01-0108-4.
  • Arno Rafael Minkkinen. See+ Art Space Gallery. Beijing, China. 30 postcards in book form.
  • Balanced Equation. Lodima Press Portfolio Series.
  • Publications with contributions by Minkkinen

  • Timo Laaksonen and Arno Rafael Minkkinen. In Spirit of the Masters. Keravan Taidomuseo 2000. ISBN 978-952-9642-23-6. He is co-editor and has images included.
  • Critical writings, essays and fiction

  • Minkkinen, Arno Rafael, Frostbite, Morgan & Morgan, Dobbs Ferry, New York. 1981.
  • Minkkinen, Arno Rafael, New American Nudes: Recent Trends & Attitudes, Morgan & Morgan, Dobbs Ferry, New York. 1981.
  • Minkkinen, Arno Rafael, "From the Prow." Finnice, Camera International. 1991.
  • Minkkinen, Arno Rafael, "The Lens of Love," Elegant Intimacy, Retretti Art Center, Punkaharju, Finland. 1993.
  • Minkkinen, Arno Rafael, Waterline Marval (Paris), Aperture (New York), Otava (Helsinki), 1994.
  • Minkkinen, Arno Rafael, "Baudelaire’s Brow, Reflections on the photographs of Karin Rosenthal. Karin Rosenthal, Danforth Museum of Art, Framingham, Massachusetts. 2000.
  • Minkkinen, Arno Rafael, "Take Out My Eyes," In the Spirit of the Masters, Kerava Art Museum, Kerava, Finland, 2000. pp. 66–79.
  • Minkkinen, Arno Rafael, "Treasures of the Moment: Thirty years of Polaroid Photography in Boston, Photography in Boston 1955–1985, DeCordova Museum and Sculpture Park, Lincoln, Massachusetts. MIT Press, Cambridge, 2000. Chapter text pp. 135–153.
  • Minkkinen, Arno Rafael, "First Frames First." exposure, Society for Photographic Education. Vol. 35. Fall 2001.
  • Minkkinen, Arno Rafael. Balanced Equation. Lodima Press, Revere, Pennsylvania, 2010.
  • Minkkinen, Arno Rafael. "Faith in Happenstance." American Faith. Photographs by Christopher Churchill. Nazraeli Press, Portland, 2011.
  • Minkkinen, Arno Rafael. "The Morning of Childhood." Faces. Photographs by William Ropp. Maison européenne de la photographie, 2011.
  • Minkkinen, Arno Rafael. "The Horsepower of Desire." Surrounded by No One. Photographs by Margaret M. de Lange. Trolley Books, London, 2011.
  • Film and television

  • Still Not There. Finnish Public Television, 1996: 52-minute documentary on the life and works of Arno Rafael Minkkinen. Directed by Kimmo Koskela. Finnish Emmy Award entry, 1996.
  • Art Close Up: Boston Photography: 1955–1985. WGBH-TV Channel 2 Boston: 7-minute segment on A.R. Minkkinen as part of DeCordova Museum exhibition, Boston Photographers: 1955–1985. Produced, directed by Marty Ostrow. 1999.
  • EGG: The Art Show. PBS/ Channel 13, New York. 30-minute segment with Cindy Sherman, Bruce Gilden, Ernest Withers, and Arno Rafael Minkkinen: "Who Am I?" 2000.
  • Art Close Up: Photography & Reality. WGBH-TV Channel 2, Boston. Produced by Ben Mayer. 2004.
  • Arno Rafael Minkkinen: 40 Years of Self-Portraits. DVD with Still Not There, 2010 interview, and 172- image slideshow produced and directed by Kimmo Koskela.
  • Demo at the Francesca Beale Theater at the Elinor Bunin Munroe Film Center at Lincoln Center, New York. February 3, 2013
  • Film Society of Lincoln Center, Dance on Camera Festival, The Rain House Sneak Preview
  • Awards

  • 1991 National Endowment for the Arts Regional Fellowship.
  • 1992 Order of the Lion First Class., conferred by the Finnish government.
  • 1994 Grand Prix du Livre, 25th Rencontres d’Arles Photography Festival.
  • 1996 Scritture d’Acqua Prize (given in Literature, Art, & Science), Italy.
  • 1996 Still Not There. Finland’s Emmy Award entry.
  • 1997 Still Not There. Prize of Honor. Art Film Triennial, Kalmar, Sweden.
  • 1998 Still Not There. Silver Key, 6th International Art Film Festival. Geraldine Chaplin, juror. Bratislava, Slovak Republic.
  • 2006 Finnish Photographic Arts Council Book Grant
  • 2006 Lianzhou International Photo Festival Special Jury Prize for SAGA, Lianzhou, China.
  • 2006 Finnish State Art Prize in Photography
  • 2008 Finnish Film Foundation grant for re-edit of Still Not There
  • 2010 Finnish Film Foundation Grant for The Rain House Screenplay
  • 2011 Nancy Donahue Professor of Art Award
  • Solo exhibitions

  • 1972 New York: Soho Photo Gallery. Freemale.
  • 1972 Tucson, Arizona: Apeiron Traveling Exhibition. Spectrum Gallery.
  • 1973 Copenhagen: Gallery for Creative Photography. White Underpants.
  • 1974 Helsinki, Finland: Photographic Museum of Finland.
  • 1976 Stockholm: Fotografiska Museet at Moderna Museet.
  • 1979 Andover, Massachusetts: Addison Gallery of American Art. Frostbite.
  • 1983 Boston: Robert Klein Gallery. Father & Son.
  • 1984 Helsinki: Photographic Museum of Finland.
  • 1984 Reims, France: Maison de la Culture.
  • 1984 Paris: Galerie Viviane Esders.
  • 1986 Pori, Finland: Pori Art Museum. Mattomies.
  • 1988 Paris: Galerie Viviane Esders. 15 Years in Front of My Camera.
  • 1991 Barcelona: Centre d’Art Santa Monica. Primordial Image.
  • 1991 Nice: Museum of Modern Art. Retrospective: Finnice.
  • 1992 Prague: Prague House of Photography.
  • 1993 Toulouse: Galerie du Château d’Eau.
  • 1994 London: Akehurst Gallery.
  • 1995 New York: Houk Friedman Gallery.
  • 1995 Pori, Finland: Pori Art Museum. Retrospective. Waterline.
  • 1995 Lausanne, Switzerland: Musée de l'Élysée;
  • 1995 Caen, France: L’Artothèque de Caen and Musée de Normandie.
  • 1996 Waterline. Sundsvall, Sweden: Sundsvall Museet.
  • 1996 Waterline. Odense, Denmark: Museet for Fotokunst, Brandts Klædefabrik.
  • 1996 Waterline. Charleroi, Belgium: Musée de la Photographie.
  • 1998 Ten Minutes Past Midnight. New York: Barry Friedman Ltd. High Noon.
  • 1998 Paris: Mois de la Photo; Helsinki: Gallen Kallela Museum.
  • 2000 Tokyo, Japan: Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography. Retrospective in the exhibition: The Body as an Expression of the Subconscious.
  • 2002 Boston: Robert Klein Gallery.
  • 2003 New York: Tibor de Nagy Gallery.
  • 2005 New York: Tibor de Nagy Gallery. Vintage Photographs.
  • 2005 Boston: Selections from SAGA. Robert Klein Gallery.
  • 2005 Lincoln, Massachusetts: DeCordova Museum and Sculpture Park.SAGA: The Journey of Arno Rafael Minkkinen, Thirty-Five Years of Photographs.
  • 2006 SAGA: The Journey of Arno Rafael Minkkinen, Thirty-Five Years of Photographs. Quimper, Brittany: Mai-Photographies. Galerie Saluden: Le Corps Du Photographe.
  • 2006 SAGA: The Journey of Arno Rafael Minkkinen, Thirty-Five Years of Photographs. Bucharest Museum of Contemporary Art.
  • 2006 SAGA: The Journey of Arno Rafael Minkkinen, Thirty-Five Years of Photographs. Bratislava, Slovakia: Palace of Art, Month of Photography.
  • 2006 Lianzhou (Guangdong Province) China: 2nd Lianzhou International Photography Festival.
  • 2007 Salo, Finland: Salo Art Museum. SAGA: The Journey of Arno Rafael Minkkinen, Thirty-Five Years of Photographs.
  • 2007 Malmö, Sweden: Malmö Museet. Fotografi i Fokus Festival.
  • 2007 New York: Barry Friedman Ltd. Four Decades of Self-Portraits.
  • 2008 HOMEWORK: Suomen Kuvat/The Finnish Photographs, 1973 to 2008.
  • 2008 SAGA: The Journey of Arno Rafael Minkkinen, Thirty-Five Years of Photographs. Helsinki, Finland: Galerie Anhava.
  • 2008 SAGA: The Journey of Arno Rafael Minkkinen, Thirty-Five Years of Photographs. Beijing, China: SEE+ Art Space Gallery.
  • 2008 Correggio / Reggio Emilia, Italy: Palazzo Principi.
  • 2009 Winnipeg, Canada: Winnipeg Art Gallery. SAGA: The Journey of Arno Rafael Minkkinen, Thirty-Five Years of Photographs.
  • 2009 Lincoln, Nebraska: Sheldon Art Museum (Evolving Eden: Three Photographic Perspectives with Edward Burtnysky + Hans Ejkelboom).
  • 2009 San Francisco: Cavallo Point, Golden Gate National Park at Fort Baker
  • 2009 Lahti, Finland: Lahti Art Museum. HOMEWORK: The Finnish Photographs, 1973 to 2008.
  • 2009 Paris: Finnish Footprints: 70 / 08, The Finnish Institute.
  • 2009 Brussels: Valérie Bach Gallery.
  • 2010 Shanghai: Finnish Pavilion. Shanghai World’s Fair.
  • 2011 Paris: Galerie Agathe Gaillard.
  • 2011 Cortona, Italy: A Sentimental Journey. Cortona On the Move Festival.
  • 2011 Caen, France: Arno Rafael Minkkinen. Les Boréales de Normandy. Paris Metro. Finnish National Tourist Board.
  • 2012 New York: Arno Rafael Minkkinen. Performing for the Camera. Barry Friedman Ltd., New York
  • 2012 Athens: Palindromes. Phototheatron/Athens House of Photography.
  • 2013 New York: A Dance of Light. Furman Gallery. Dance on Camera Festival, Lincoln Center.
  • Collections

  • Yale University Art Gallery
  • Wäinö Aaltosen Museo, Turku, Finland
  • WestLicht Schauplatz Museum, Vienna, Austria
  • Viktor Barsokevitch Center, Kuopio, Finland
  • University of Ohio, Athens, Ohio
  • Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography, Tokyo, Japan
  • Photographic Museum of Finland, Helsinki, Finland
  • Stéphane Janssen Collection
  • Sheldon Art Museum
  • Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, California
  • Salovaara Collection
  • Saastamoinen Foundation, Helsinki, Finland
  • Rhode Island College, Providence, Rhode Island
  • Racine Art Museum, Racine, Wisconsin
  • Princeton University, Minor White Archives, Princeton, New Jersey
  • Porin Art Museum, Pori, Finland
  • Polaroid International Collection, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Paris Audiovisuel, Paris, France
  • Parvis de Tarbes, Tarbes, France
  • Palais des Congrès, Le Mans, France
  • New Orleans Museum of Art
  • Nelson Atkins Museum, Kansas City, Kansas
  • National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
  • Museum of Modern Art, New York
  • Museum of Fine Arts Houston, Texas
  • Museum of Fine Arts Boston, Massachusetts
  • Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, Rhode Island
  • Museo Nazionale Alinari Della Fotografia, Florence, Italy
  • Museet for Fotokunst, Brandts Klædefabrik, Odense, Denmark
  • Musée de l'Élysée, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Musée des Beaux Arts, Chambéry, France
  • Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France
  • Musée de la Photographie, Charleroi, Belgium
  • Mount Holyoke College Museum of Art
  • Moos Collection, Cologne, Germany
  • Minneapolis Institute of Art
  • Michael and Elizabeth Marcus
  • Maison Européenne de la Photographie, Paris, France
  • Maison de la Culture, Reims, France
  • L’Imagerie, Lannion, France
  • The Lane Collection at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  • Kunsthaus, Zurich, Switzerland
  • Kiasma, Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki, Finland
  • Kerava Art Museum, Kerava, Finland
  • International Center of Photography, New York
  • High Museum, Atlanta, Georgia
  • Heinon Tukku Oy, Turku, Finland
  • The Hallmark Collection
  • Glenbow Art Gallery, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
  • George Eastman House, Rochester, New York
  • Gallen-Kallela Museum, Espoo, Finland
  • Fotografiska Museet at Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Fondation Vincent van Gogh, Arles, France
  • Fond National d’Art Contemporain, Paris, France
  • FRAC Basse-Normandie, Caen, France
  • FRAC Champagne-Ardennes, France
  • The Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University
  • The Carl Gustav Ehrnrooth Collection
  • DeCordova Museum and Sculpture Park, Lincoln, New Hampshire
  • Currier Museum of Art, Manchester, New Hampshire
  • Cherye R. and James F. Pierce Collection
  • Center for Creative Photography, University of Arizona
  • Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
  • The Celebrity Art Collection Solstice
  • Bibliothèque Municipale de Lyon, Lyon, France
  • Bibliothèque Henri Vincenot, Talant, France
  • Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, France
  • BC Partners, London, United Kingdom
  • Banque et Caisse d’Epargne du Luxembourg
  • Bain & Company
  • Artothèque de Caen, France
  • Artothèque de Nantes, France
  • Artothèque de Grenoble, France
  • Artothèque de Nice, France
  • Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada
  • Albin O. Kuhn Gallery, University of Maryland Baltimore County
  • Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover Massachusetts
  • References

    Arno Rafael Minkkinen Wikipedia

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