Neha Patil

Army Group A

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Country  Nazi Germany

Army Group A (Heeresgruppe A) was the name of several German Army Groups during World War II.

Contents

Western Front, 1940

During the German invasion of the Low Countries and France Army Group A was under the command of Generaloberst Gerd von Rundstedt and was responsible for the break-out through the Ardennes. It was composed of 45½ divisions, including the 7 panzer divisions of Panzer Group Kleist.

Order of Battle

  • 4th Army Generaloberst Günther von Kluge
  • Panzer Group Kleist
  • V Army Corps (Wehrmacht) General Infantry Richard Ruoff
  • 251st Infantry Division (Wehrmacht) GenLt Hans Kratzert
  • VIII Army Corps (Wehrmacht) General Infantry Ernst Busch
  • 8th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht) GenLt Rudolf Koch-Erpach
  • 28th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht) GenMaj Johann Sinnhuber
  • II Army Corps (Wehrmacht) General Infantry Adolf Strauss
  • 12th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht) GenLt Walther von Seydlitz-Kurzbach
  • 32nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht) GenLt Franz Böhme
  • XV Army Corps (Wehrmacht) General Infantry Hermann Hoth
  • 5th Panzer Division GenLt Joachim Lemelsen
  • 7th Panzer Division GenMaj Erwin Rommel
  • 62nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht) GenMaj Walter Keiner
  • Reserve
  • 4th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht) GenLt Erick-Oskar Hansen
  • 87th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht) GenLt Bogislav von Studnitz
  • 211th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht) GenLt Kurt Renner
  • 263rd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht) GenLt Franz Karl
  • 267th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht) GenLt Ernst Fessmann
  • 16th Army General Infantry Ernst Busch
  • XXIII Army Corps (Wehrmacht) GenLt Albrecht Schubert
  • 12th Army Generaloberst Wilhelm List
  • Eastern Front, 1942

    In 1942, Army Group South was in southern Russia on the Eastern Front. For Case Blue (Fall Blau), the summer offensive of the German Armed Forces (Wehrmacht), Army Group South was split into Army Group A and Army Group B. Army Group A was ordered south to capture the oil fields in the Caucasus.

    Army Group A included the following armies:

  • German 1st Panzer Army
  • German 11th Army
  • German 17th Army
  • Romanian 3rd Army
  • Eastern Front, 1945

    On January 16, 1945 Colonel Bogislaw von Bonin, the Chief of the Operational Branch of the Army General Staff (Generalstab des Heeres) gave Heeresgruppe A permission to retreat during the Soviet Vistula-Oder Offensive, rejecting a direct order from Adolf Hitler for them to hold fast. Although Heeresgruppe A escaped encirclement and regrouped, von Bonin was arrested by the Gestapo on January 19, 1945, and imprisoned first at Flossenbürg concentration camp and then Dachau concentration camp. He was eventually liberated along with other prisoners in South Tyrol by the US Army in May 1945.

    On 25 January 1945 Hitler renamed three army groups. Army Group North became Army Group Courland; Army Group Centre became Army Group North and Army Group A became Army Group Centre.

  • Generaloberst (→ 19 July 40 Generalfeldmarschall) Gerd von Rundstedt (15 Oct 1939 - 1 Oct 1940)
  • Generalfeldmarschall Wilhelm List (10 July - 10 Sep 1942)
  • Adolf Hitler (10 Sep - 21 Nov 1942)
  • Generaloberst (→ 1 Feb 43 Generalfeldmarschall) Ewald von Kleist (22 Sep 1942 - June 1943)
  • General der Gebirgstruppe Hubert Lanz (June - July 1943)
  • Generalfeldmarschall Ewald von Kleist (July 43 - 25 Mar 1944)
  • Generaloberst Ferdinand Schörner (25 Mar - 31 Mar 1944)
  • Generaloberst Josef Harpe (28 Sep 1944 - 17 Jan 1945)
  • Generaloberst Ferdinand Schörner (17 Jan - 26 Jan 1945)
  • Chiefs of Staff

  • Generalleutnant Erich von Manstein (26 Oct 1939 - 1 Feb 1940)
  • Generalleutnant (→ 1 Aug 40 General der Infanterie) Georg von Sodenstern (6 Feb - 1 Oct 1940)
  • Generalleutnant Hans von Greiffenberg (10 July 1942 - 23 Feb 1943)
  • Generalleutnant Alfred Gause (23 Feb - 13 May 1943)
  • Generalleutnant Hans von Greiffenberg (13 May - 16 July 1943)
  • Generalmajor (from 1 September 43 Generalleutnant) Hans Röttiger (16 July 1943 - 24 Mar 1944)
  • Generalleutnant Walther Wenck (24 Mar - 22 July 1944)
  • Generalleutnant Wolf-Dietrich von Xylander (28 September 1944 - 15 February 1945)
  • References

    Army Group A Wikipedia


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