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Kingdom  Plantae
Scientific name  Aquilaria
Rank  Genus
Family  Thymelaeaceae
Higher classification  Thymelaeaceae
Order  Malvales
Aquilaria Hong Kong Herbarium

Lower classifications  Aquilaria malaccensis, Aquilaria sinensis, Aquilaria crassna, Aquilaria rostrata, Aquilaria microcarpa

Aquilaria mallacacensis young plant

Aquilaria is a genus of fifteen species of trees, called lign aloes or lign-aloes trees, in the Thymelaeaceae, native to southeast Asia. They occur particularly in the rainforests of Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Northern India, the Philippines, Borneo and New Guinea. The trees grow to 6–20 m tall. The leaves are alternate, 5–11 cm long and 2–4 cm broad, with a short acuminate apex and an entire margin. The flowers are yellowish-green, produced in an umbel; the fruit is a woody capsule 2.5–3 cm long.


Aquilaria Aquilaria

The genus is best known, together with Gyrinops, as the principal producer of the resin-suffused agarwood, especially Aquilaria malaccensis. The depletion of wild trees from indiscriminate cutting for agarwood has resulted in the trees being listed and protected as an endangered species. Projects are currently underway in some countries in southeast Asia to infect cultivated Aquilaria trees artificially to produce agarwood in a sustainable manner. In Indonesia, for example, there have been proposals to encourage the planting of gahara, as it is known as locally, in eastern Indonesia, particularly in the province of Papua.

Aquilaria Aquilaria Wikiwand


Aquilaria Seed of aquilaria Gaharu Agarwood

  • Aquilaria acuminata (Merr.) Quisumb., 1946, originally Gyrinopsis acuminata
  • Aquilaria apiculata Merr., 1922
  • Aquilaria baillonii Pierre ex Lecomte & Leandri, 1949
  • Aquilaria banaensae Phamh. 1996
  • Aquilaria beccariana Tiegh. 1893
  • Aquilaria brachyantha (Merr.) Hallier f.
  • Aquilaria citrinicarpa (Elmer) Hallier f.
  • Aquilaria crassna Pierre ex Lecomte, 1915
  • Aquilaria cumingiana (Decne.) Ridl., det. Ding Hou, 1959
  • Aquilaria filaria (Oken) Merr., 1950
  • Aquilaria grandiflora Benth., 1861
  • Aquilaria hirta Ridl.
  • Aquilaria malaccensis, Lam., 1783, synonyms A. agallocha and A. secundaria
  • Aquilaria microcarpa Baill.
  • Aquilaria ophispermum Poir.
  • Aquilaria parvifolia (Quisumb.) Ding Hou, 1960
  • Aquilaria pentandra Blanco, 1837
  • Aquilaria rostrata Ridl.
  • Aquilaria rugosa K.Le-Cong & Kessler, 2005
  • Aquilaria sinensis Gilg, 1894
  • Aquilaria subintegra Ding Hou
  • Aquilaria urdanetensis Hallier, 1922 (Philippines)
  • Aquilaria yunnanensis S.C.Huang, 1985

  • Aquilaria httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

    Aquilaria Aquilaria Wikipedia


    Aquilaria Wikipedia