| Mercedes of Orleans|
| Prince Antoine Philippe d'Orleans|
Prince Ferdinand d'Orleans
31 July 1824
Chateau de Neuilly, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France (1824-07-31)
(1890-02-08)8 February 1890
Infantes Pantheon, Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain
Infanta Maria Isabel, Countess of Paris
Maria de las Mercedes, Queen of Spain
Infante Antonio, Duke of Galliera
Louis-Philippe of France
February 4, 1890, Sanlucar de Barrameda, Spain
Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier (m. 1846–1890)
Louis Philippe I, Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily
Francoise Louise Caroline d'Orleans
Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Mercedes of Orleans, Louis Philippe I, Infanta Eulalia of Spain, Prince Philippe - Count of
Antoine, Duke of Montpensier Wikipedia
Antoine d'Orléans (Antoine Marie Philippe Louis d'Orléans; 31 July 1824 – 4 February 1890) was a member of the French royal family in the House of Orléans. He was the youngest son of King Louis Philippe of France and his wife Maria Amelia Teresa of the Two Sicilies. He was styled as the Duke of Montpensier. He was born on 31 July 1824 at the château de Neuilly and died 4 February 1890 at Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain.
On 10 October 1846 at Madrid, Spain, he married Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain, the daughter of King Ferdinand VII of Spain and his wife Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies.
They had ten children:
- Maria Isabel (1848–1919),who married her first cousin Philippe, comte de Paris (1838–94), the French claimant, and became known as Marie Isabelle, comtesse de Paris. She had several children.
- Maria Amelia (1851–1870)
- Maria Cristina (1852–1879)
- Maria de la Regla (1856–1861)
- [?] (1857-1857)
- Fernando (1859–1873)
- Mercedes (1860–1878), otherwise Princess Marie des Graces d'Orleans-Montpensier, who married her first cousin Alfonso XII and is historically known as Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain. No children.
- Felipe Raimundo Maria(1862–1864)
- Antonio (1866–1930), became Duke of Galliera in Italy. He married his first cousin Infanta Eulalia of Spain (1864–1958), daughter of Isabella II, and had two sons.
- Luis Maria Felipe Antonio (1867–1874)
Antoine de Montpensier lived in Spain from 1848 when he and his family had to leave France after the Revolution of 1848. During the Spanish revolution of 1868, he supported the insurgents under Juan Prim against Queen Isabella II of Spain, his own sister-in-law.
In 1870 he fought a duel against Infante Enrique, Duke of Seville, the brother of Francis, Duke of Cádiz, and killed him. Antoine was convicted and sentenced to one month in prison.
On 16 November 1870 the Cortes voted for the next king and chose Amadeo of Savoy with 191 votes. Antoine only received 27 votes, and left Spain, only to return in 1874. His ambitions were fulfilled by his daughter Mercedes, who became Queen of Spain after her marriage to Alfonso XII, son of Isabella II.
/ France13 July 1824 – 21 September 1824: His Serene Highness Prince Antoine d'Orléans
21 September 1824 – 9 August 1830: His Royal Highness Prince Antoine d'Orléans
9 August 1830 – 16 August 1830: His Royal Highness The Prince Antoine
16 August 1830 – 4 February 1890: His Royal Highness The Duke of Montpensier
Spain10 October 1846 – 10 October 1859: His Royal Highness The Duke of Montpensier
10 October 1859 – 4 February 1890: His Royal Highness Infante Don Antonio, Duke of Montpensier
The Duke's complete style in Spain, after his rise to the rank of Infante, was: Su Alteza Real el Serenísmo y Egregio Señor Infante Don Antonio María de Orleans, Duque de Montpensier (in English: His Royal Highness the Most Serene and Notable Prince Lord Antonio María d'Orléans, Duke of Montpensier). Kingdom of Belgium: Grand cordon in the Order of Leopold, in 1844.
Knight Grand Cross of the National Order of the Légion d'Honneur
Knight of the Monst Illustrious Order of the Golden Fleece
Knight Collar of the Royal and Distinguished Spanish Order of Charles III