Neha Patil (Editor)

Anthoxanthum odoratum

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Poaceae
Scientific name  Anthoxanthum odoratum
Rank  Species
Order  Poales
Genus  Anthoxanthum
Higher classification  Anthoxanthum
Anthoxanthum odoratum Anthoxanthum odoratum
Similar  Anthoxanthum, Grasses, Holcus lanatus, Agrostis capillaris, Dactylis glomerata

Anthoxanthum odoratum

Anthoxanthum odoratum, also known as sweet vernal grass, holy grass, vanilla grass, or buffalo grass, is a flowering plant in the grass family Poaceae. It is a short-lived perennial plant native to acidic grassland in Eurasia. It is grown as a lawn grass and a house plant, due to its sweet scent, and can also be found on unimproved pastures and meadows. 'Odoratum' is Latin for 'odorous'.


Anthoxanthum odoratum Anthoxanthum odoratum large sweet grass sweet vernalgrass Go Botany


Anthoxanthum odoratum Anthoxanthum odoratum Sweet vernal grass

Anthoxanthum odaoratum grass grows in tufts with stems 25–40 cm (9.8–15.7 in) tall, and short, broad green leaves 3–5 mm (0.12–0.20 in) wide, which are slightly hairy. It flowers from April until June, i.e. quite early in the season, with flower spikes of 4–6 centimetres (1.6–2.4 in) long and crowded spikelets of 6–10 mm (0.24–0.39 in), oblong shaped, which can be quite dark when young. The lower lemmas have projecting awns.

The ligules are quite long, up to 5 mm (0.20 in), blunt, with hairy fringes around the side.

Anthoxanthum odoratum Anthoxanthum odoratum NutraWiki

The scent is particularly strong when dried, and is due to coumarin, a glycoside, and benzoic acid – it smells like fresh hay with a hint of vanilla. The seed head is bright yellow in color. It avoids very dry or waterlogged soil.


Anthoxanthum odoratum Anthoxanthum odoratum

It is grown by scattering seed on tilled ground in the spring through fall, germinating in 4 to 5 days. It prefers sandy loam and acidic conditions (a low pH).

Anthoxanthum odoratum Sweet Vernalgrass Anthoxanthum odoratum NatureSpot

As an agricultural grass it has a low yield, but can grow on land too acidic for other grasses.

Anthoxanthum odoratum httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu


Anthoxanthum odoratum Wikipedia

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Dactylis glomerata
Holcus lanatus