Neha Patil

Anterior triangle of the neck

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TA  A01.2.02.002
FMA  57777
Anterior triangle of the neck
Latin  Trigonum cervicale anterius Trigonum colli anterius Regio cervicalis anterior

The anterior triangle is a region of the neck.

Contents

Structure

The triangle is inverted with its apex inferior to its base which is under the chin.

Investing fascia covers the roof of the triangle while visceral fascia covers the floor.

Anatomy

Muscles:

  • Suprahyoid muscles - Digastric (Ant and Post Belly), mylohyoid, geniohyoid and Stylohyoid.
  • Infrahyoid muscles - Omohyoid, Sternohyoid, Sternothyroid, and Thyrohyoid.
  • Nerve supply

    2 Bellies of Digastric

  • Anterior: Mylohyoid nerve
  • Posterior: Facial nerve
  • Stylohyoid: by the facial nerve, by a branch from that to the posterior belly of digastric.

    Mylohyoid: by its own nerve, a branch of the inferior alveolar ( from the mandibular division of trigemminal nerve), which arises just before the parent nerve enters the mandibular foramen, pierces the sphenomandibular ligament, and runs forward on the inferior surface of the mylohyoid, supplying it and the anterior belly of the digastric.

    Geniohyoid: by a branch from the hypoglossal nerve consisting of fibres from the C1 nerve.

    Sternohyoid, Omohyoid, Sternothyroid are supplied by Ansa cervicalis.

    Thyrohyoid: by a branch of hypoglossal nerve but the fibres are all 'hitch-hiking' from C1.

    Development

  • Anterior: 1st Pharyngeal arch
  • Posterior: 2nd Pharyngeal arch
  • Divisions

    This space is subdivided into four smaller triangles by the Digastricus above, and the superior belly of the Omohyoideus.

    These smaller triangles are named:

  • the muscular triangle
  • the carotid triangle
  • the submandibular triangle
  • the submental triangle
  • References

    Anterior triangle of the neck Wikipedia


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