Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)

Ansonia tiomanica

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Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Anura
Genus  Ansonia
Higher classification  Ansonia
Phylum  Chordata
Family  Bufonidae
Scientific name  Ansonia tiomanica
Rank  Species
Ansonia tiomanica

Similar  Ansonia, True toad, Amphibians, Frog, Ansonia endauensis

Ansonia tiomanica (common names: Pulau Tioman slender toad, Pulo Tioman stream toad) is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Tioman Island (=Pulau Tioman), off the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia.



Males measure 27–31 mm (1.1–1.2 in) and females 32–37 mm (1.3–1.5 in) in snout–vent length. The tympanum is distinct. The dorsum has rough skin and is black in colour, covered with small, yellow spots; juveniles may have orange spots. The chest and belly are black. The fingers and toes are long and thin and have bulbous tips.

The colouration might be aposematic as the skin contains toxins that can kill other frogs.

Habitat and conservation

The species' natural habitats are primary montane forests. At lower elevations (around 200 m), it is generally associated with boulder habitats along fast-flowing streams. At higher elevations (>800 m), the species is restricted to cave-like microhabitats formed by large granite boulders. These frogs are active at night and most often found perched on vertical surfaces of rocks, rarely on leaves.

It can in future be threatened by habitat loss caused by clearance for tourism infrastructure, and is classified as vulnerable by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species because it is known from only one location.


Ansonia tiomanica Wikipedia