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Anna Gmeyner

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Occupation  Writer
Name  Anna Gmeyner
Nationality  Austrian
Role  Author

Period  19291970
Spouse  Jascha Morduch (m. 1935)
Notable works  Manja
Children  Eva Ibbotson
Anna Gmeyner nlschwobbookseuactieiAnnaGmeynerjpg
Born  Anna Wilhelmine Gmeyner 16 March 1902 Vienna, Austria-Hungary (1902-03-16)
Pen name  Anna Reiner, Anna Morduch
Genre  Exile literature, drama
Died  January 3, 1991, New York City, New York, United States
Books  Manja: A Novel about Five Children
People also search for  Eva Ibbotson, Bertold Wiesner, Alan Ibbotson

Everyday life as alternative space in exile writing the novels of anna gmeyner selma kahn hilde sp

Anna Wilhelmine Gmeyner (16 March 1902 – 3 January 1991) was an exiled German and Austrian author, playwright and scriptwriter, who is now best known for her novel Manja (1939). She also wrote under the names Anna Reiner, and Anna Morduch. Her daughter was the children's writer Eva Ibbotson.


Gerda Aukes over 'Manja' op het Schwobfest

Early life

Anna Gmeyner was born to liberal Jewish parents in Vienna, where her father Rudolf Gmeyner was a lawyer. She grew up in a sophisticated and intellectual household, and her parents counted Sigmund Freud among their friends. Having studied in Vienna from 1920, Gmeyner moved to Berlin in 1925. She married Berthold P. Wiesner, a controversial physician who pioneered human infertility treatment, who recently found that he was actually the father of maybe one thousand of the children his clinic in London helped to be conceived. Their only child, Eva (born Maria Charlotte Michell Wiesner), was born shortly before the move. The family relocated to Scotland in 1926 after Wiesner was offered a job at the University of Edinburgh, it was during this time that Gmeyner gathered inspiration for her play about the Scottish miners' strike.

Gmeyner and Wiesner separated in 1928, and Gmeyner returned to Berlin where she began to write plays. Her first theatrical works were a children's play called The Great and Little Claus and a critically acclaimed drama about the miners' strike in Scotland.

Life in exile

The Nazis' rise to power in 1933 prompted Gmeyner to flee Berlin, where her work was later banned. She moved to Paris, and began to work in film production, working with Bertolt Brecht and writing film scripts for G. W. Pabst. It was in Paris that Gmeyner met her second husband, the Russian philosopher Jascha Morduch.

As war approached, the couple moved to England, where Gmeyner began work on the exile literature she became known for. In 1938 she wrote Manja while living with Morduch and her daughter, Eva, in Belsize Park, London. The novel draws on the experience of exile, and this period of Gmeyner's life is evoked by Eva in the novel The Morning Gift. Manja was published first in Amsterdam in 1939, before being published in English as Five Destinies in the US, and The Wall in the UK. Manja was republished by Persephone Books in 2003.

Between 1940 and 1950, Gmeyner and her husband lived in Berkshire. Jascha Morduch died in 1950, and Gmeyner began writing again under the name Anna Morduch, publishing biographies, religious stories, and poetry, as well as novels.

Anna Gmeyner died in York England in 1991 at the age of 88.


Anna Gmeyner Wikipedia

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