Bingham was born in Buxton and was raised there before his family moved to Chapel-en-le-Frith. He attended Long Lane Comprehensive School (now known as Chapel-en-le-Frith High School). He worked as a Director in his father's business before being elected to parliament, supplying engineering equipment to companies across the High Peak and North West England.
Bingham was first elected onto High Peak Borough Council in the 1999 district council elections, and was Councillor for Chapel West ward until the 2011 local elections. When the Conservatives gained control of the council in 2007 he became executive member for Social and Community Development.
After losing by 735 votes to the incumbent Labour MP Tom Levitt at the 2005 general election, Bingham regained the High Peak seat for the Conservatives at the 2010 general election. He gave his maiden speech in the House of Commons on 8 June 2010, during which he claimed to have the most beautiful constituency in the UK. In 2010 he was appointed to the Work and Pensions Select Committee.
Bingham opposed the government's ultimately successful legislation to introduce same-sex marriage. He stated that he knew his decision would 'upset' people but "felt after much thought and consideration that marriage as the union of one man and woman has existed for thousands of years and [he] couldn't support the changes proposed".
In July 2014, Bingham was appointed to the Government, to be Parliamentary Private Secretary to the newly promoted Minister of State for the Armed Forces Mark Francois. Before becoming bound by the Ministerial Code, as a Parliamentary Private Secretary in the Ministry of Defence, Mr Bingham's various rebellions against the Government once led to one national newspaper to describe him as a 'serial rebel'. He was re-elected for his constituency in the 2015 general election with 45% of votes. Following the 2015 general election he was appointed as PPS to Justine Greening, Secretary of State for International Development.
Bingham supported Brexit in the 2016 European Union Referendum.
Since being elected Bingham has been involved with the campaign for a bypass of the village of Tintwistle in his constituency (commonly known as the A57/A628 bypass, or the Mottram–Tintwistle Bypass). He has met campaigners for the bypass, raised the issue at PMQs, held a parliamentary debate about the bypass, and secured a visit by the Transport Minister, Norman Baker.
Since the Minister's visit, Bingham has organised a number of meetings with a group of key stakeholders to find a way forward, as well as continuing to raise the issue of the bypass with Ministers in the House of Commons.
In May 2011, Derbyshire County NHS announced a review of the future of Corbar Birth Centre in Buxton. Bingham spoke out in support of the birth centre and joined the campaign to save it. Amongst other things, Bingham raised the issue at PMQs and organised an action day across the constituency in conjunction with the National Childbirth Trust.
Despite this, members of the NHS Derby City and NHS Derbyshire County cluster voted unanimously to close Corbar, a decision which Bingham described as 'misinformed, misguided and wrong'.
In the summer of 2012, East Midlands Ambulance Service (EMAS) announced plans to close the ambulance stations in Buxton and New Mills and replace them with a central hub in Chesterfield. Bingham met with EMAS to put his concerns to them and to state the case for an extra hub in the High Peak. A vocal opponent of the EMAS proposals, Bingham consistently warned about the length of the journey from the proposed central hub in Chesterfield, saying he had 'grave concerns' that the plans would put lives at risk. He also secured a short debate about the EMAS proposals in the House of Commons chamber, during which he re-stated his opposition to the plans.
In March the following year, EMAS announced that they had agreed to retain an ambulance station in the High Peak, a decision which Bingham cautiously welcomed.
Bingham has also campaigned for better access to broadband in rural parts of his constituency, which he has said would benefit small businesses and the rural economy. He has spoken in various debates on the issue in the House of Commons, and in the course of one of them said that he regards broadband as the 'fourth utility' "as it is vital that businesses have it".
Since being elected, Bingham has organised a number of local events either to raise money for charity or to support activities in the High Peak. These have included a funding information day for local charities in early 2011, a sponsored walk with Conservative MEP Emma McClarkin and a charity cricket match in 2013. In 2011 he organised a 'Small Business Day', with the aim of giving local businesses easy access to useful information and in September 2012 Bingham hosted a 'Business Export Seminar' to help local businesses that wanted to start exporting.
Bingham follows most sports, particularly cricket and football. He has supported Buxton F.C. since he was a boy, saying that he prefers lower division football over the "glitzy image of the Premiership". He is also an enthusiastic cook and enjoys cooking for friends and family.
He has been married to Jayne Bingham since 1986 and they live together in Chapel-en-le-Frith.