| Andre Campra|| Composer|
| June 29, 1744, Versailles, France|
Jean-Francois Regnard, Antoine Houdar de la Motte, Louis Fuzelier, Antoine Danchet
L'Europe galante, L'Europe galante, Les fetes venitiennes, Les fetes venitiennes, Tancrede, Tancrede, Idomenee, Idomenee, Le carnaval de Venise, Le carnaval de Venise, Arethuse, Arethuse, The Enchanted Island, The Enchanted Island, Iphigenie en Tauride, Iphigenie en Tauride, Les ages, Les ages, Hesione, Hesione, Achille et Deidamie, Achille et Deidamie, Telemaque, Telemaque, Alcine, Alcine, Les Femmes, Les Femmes, Messe de Requiem: Post-Communion, Messe de Requiem: Post-Communion, Messe de Requiem: Offertoire, Messe de Requiem: Offertoire, Messe de Requiem: Requiem, Messe de Requiem: Requiem, Hippodamie, Hippodamie, Les Femmes: Loure "Je borne mes reveries", Les Femmes: Loure "Je borne mes reveries", Les Femmes: Symphonie "Ah ! qu’un cœur est malheureu", Les Femmes: Symphonie "Ah ! qu’un cœur est malheureu", Les Femmes: Vivement et mesure "La Coquette nous trahit", Les Femmes: Vivement et mesure "La Coquette nous trahit", Les Femmes: Gravement "Fils de la nuit et du silenc", Les Femmes: Gravement "Fils de la nuit et du silenc", Les Femmes: Lentement "Dans un desert inaccessible", Les Femmes: Lentement "Dans un desert inaccessible", Messe de Requiem: Graduel, Messe de Requiem: Graduel, Les Femmes: Air "Par les vents et par l’orage", Les Femmes: Air "Par les vents et par l’orage", Messe de Requiem: Agnus Dei, Messe de Requiem: Agnus Dei, Messe de Requiem: Kyrie, Messe de Requiem: Kyrie, Les Femmes: Recitatif "Que les Amants dans leurs chaines", Les Femmes: Recitatif "Que les Amants dans leurs chaines", Messe de Requiem: Sanctus, Messe de Requiem: Sanctus, Rigaudon, Rigaudon
William Christie, Jean‑Philippe Rameau, Francois Couperin, Michel Richard Delalande, Henry Desmarest
Andre Campra ([kɑ̃pʁa]; baptized 4 December 1660 – 29 June 1744) was a French composer and conductor.
Campra was one of the leading French opera composers in the period between Jean-Baptiste Lully and Jean-Philippe Rameau. He wrote several tragedies en musique and opera-ballet that were extremely well received. He also wrote three books of cantatas as well as religious music, including a requiem.
Andre Campra Wikipedia
Campra was the son of Jean-Francois Campra, a surgeon and violinist from Graglia, Italy, and Louise Fabry, from Aix-en-Provence. His father was his first music teacher. He was baptised on 4 December 1660 in the Eglise de la Madeleine in Aix. He became a choirboy in the Cathedrale Saint-Sauveur there in 1674 and commenced ecclesiastical studies four years later. He was reprimanded by his superiors in 1681 for having taken part in theatrical performances without permission, but was nevertheless made a chaplain on 27 May of that year.
He served as maitre de musique (music director) at the cathedrals of Arles and Toulouse and then, from 1694 to 1700, served in a similar capacity at the cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris. Campra added violins to the performance of sacred music at the Paris cathedral, a controversial innovation in an era when they were considered street instruments. He began to compose for the theatre in 1697 and published some theatrical compositions under his brother's name to protect his reputation with church authorities. In 1700 he gave up his post at Notre-Dame and devoted himself to theatrical music with critical success. By 1705 he was such a musical celebrity that he became a target for negative articles in the press. In 1720, he adopted the composition of sacred music as his only profession.
Although Campra had obtained critical success he lacked financial security. In 1722 he was engaged briefly as maitre de musique by the Prince of Conti. After the death of the regent Philippe d'Orleans in December 1723, Campra became sous-maitre at the Royal Chapel in Versailles. In 1730 he became the Inspecteur General at the Opera (Royal Academy of Music).
He died in Versailles on 29 June 1744 at the age of 83.
With his composition of L'Europe galante(1697), he was the true genius of the opera-ballet, a musical genre originated by Pascal Colasse with Les saisons in 1695.A theme from his opera Camille, reine des Volsques (1717) was used as the basis of the collaborative work La guirlande de Campra, a set of variations created by seven French composers in 1952.
The "Rigaudon" from his opera Idomenee, in an arrangement for organ, is probably his most familiar work, often used as a wedding processional and often recorded.
The College Campra, a state-owned secondary school in the centre of Aix-en-Provence is named for him and houses a statue of him.