Andilly is a French commune in the Charente-Maritime department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Andillais or Andillaises
Andilly is a marshy commune in the western part of the Poitevin Marsh located in the northwest of the Charente-Maritime 6.5 km south of Marans, the chief town of the canton, and 17 km north-east of La Rochelle, the prefecture of the department.
The commune includes the town of Andilly, the village of "Sérigny", and a place called "Bel-Air".
Andilly belongs to the western or dried-up part of the Poitevin Marsh and is a large grain-producing area. The commune is particularly well served by diversion canals, for draining and irrigation. Among these, two major canals cross the commune: the Canal du Curé crosses from east to west and the Canal from Marans to La Rochelle from north to south.
Andilly is watered in all the central parts and in the west by the Canal du Curé, which is formed from the lower reaches of the river Cure that is canalised from the commune of Anais. In Andilly, the Canal du Curé has long been called the Grand Canal of Andilly since its construction in 1771.
From north to south, the commune is traversed by the Canal from Marans to La Rochelle, which crosses the Canal du Curé northwest of Andilly town where significant crossing locks were built at a place called the Locks of Andilly.During the Wars of Religion Andilly was an advanced military post.
There are remains of the castle
There are ruins of a priory and a castle with underground passages
There are also prehistoric underground refuges and relics
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
In 2009 the commune had 1,971 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.Population Change (See database)
Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)
The population of the commune is relatively young. The proportion of people over the age of 60 years (16.6%) is less than the national average (21.6%) and the departmental average (28.1%).
In contrast to the national and departmental proportions, the percentage of males in the commune is greater than that of females (51.3% against 48.4% nationally and 48.2% departmentally).
Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Andilly and Charente-Maritime Department in 2009
Sources:Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE.
Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE.
The Dairy and Casein Factory (19th century) is registered as an historical monument.
The Church of Saint Nazaire
Remains of a medieval castle and a priory.
La Rochelle (TGV) 14.7 km
Aytré (Halt) 16.2 km
Angoulins (Halt) 17.6 km
Châtelaillon 20.2 km
Surgères (TGV) 25.4 km
La Rochelle 15.6 km
Rochefort-Saint-Agnant 40.8 km
Niort 48.2 km
The D137 crosses the commune from Marans in the north passing between Andilly town and Serigny and continuing south to Usseau
The D20 connects the D137 to Andilly town and continues south-west to Villedoux
The D202 goes south from the town to Saint-Ouen-d'Aunis
The D112 goes south-east from the town to Longèves
Andilly was the arrival point of the 1st stage and departure point of the 2nd stage of the Tour du Poitou-Charentes in 2004]]