Anatoly Dmitriyevich Myshkin (August 14, 1954 in Sylva, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union) is a retired Soviet and Russian professional basketball player and coach. At 6 feet 9½ inches (2.07 m) tall, and a weight of 210 lbs. (95 kg), he played as a cornerman (small forward-power forward). Myshkin was able to break up all of the defensive schemes in European basketball, due to his unique skill set. He was mobile and aggressive, and he possessed the speed and versatility to beat any defender.
He was named one of FIBA's 50 Greatest Players in 1991. He was among the 105 player nominees for the 50 Greatest EuroLeague Contributors list. He was nicknamed, "The Prince".
While playing with CSKA Moscow, Myshkin won eight consecutive Soviet Union League titles, from 1977 to 1984. Even though his team was a FIBA European Champions Cup (EuroLeague) regular, Myshkin never had the chance to play for the European-wide top-tier level continental title.
As a member of the senior Soviet Union national team, Myshkin led them to back-to-back EuroBasket gold medals at the EuroBasket 1979 and the EuroBasket 1981. He also won the gold medal at the 1982 FIBA World Championship, in Colombia.
Following his retirement, Myshkin became a coach, and he coached the clubs CSKA Moscow, Arsenal Tula, Universitet Surgut, and Dynamo Kursk. In 2013, he became the head coach of the Russian women's national basketball team.