Anatolian High School or Anadolu High School (Turkish: Anadolu Lisesi), refers to public high schools in Turkey that admits their students according to high nationwide standardized test (TEOG) scores.
Anatolian High School Wikipedia
Anatolian high schools were established as an alternative to expensive private schools teaching in foreign languages and were modeled after the grammar schools. Some of the Anatolian high schools are newly established while other prestigious public schools were added to this category.
Originally six Maarif Koleji, followed by more Anatolian Schools in the later years, were established in 6 major cities of Turkey; namely Istanbul, Izmir, Samsun, Konya, Eskişehir, and Diyarbakır, in 1955, based on a special law enacted by the Turkish Parliament. The name was changed to "Anatolian High Schools" in 1975. These schools admitted students based on an academic test administered at the end of grade 5, which was the basic elementary education back then. The schools offered a year of foreign language education as a preparatory year followed by foreign-language medium of instruction seven years of middle and high school grades. Several private schools followed the Anatolian School model particularly as an alternative to foreign-based American, French and German schools. There is also one Anatolian School in Baku, Azerbaijan and one in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan.
Currently, many of the Anatolian high schools' teaching language is English, German, or French. Other high schools in Turkey teach in Turkish; foreign languages are taught only as elective courses.