Suvarna Garge

Anadenobolus monilicornis

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Kingdom  Animalia
Family  Rhinocricidae
Scientific name  Anadenobolus monilicornis
Rank  Species
Class  Diplopoda
Genus  Anadenobolus
Phylum  Arthropoda
Order  Spirobolida
Anadenobolus monilicornis bugguidenetimagescache8HOH7H8HOH7HCH2H2ZIL9Z
Similar  Rhinocricidae, Spirobolida, Chicobolus spinigerus, Spirostreptus, Archispirostreptus

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Anadenobolus monilicornis, known as the yellow-banded millipede or bumble bee millipede, is a species of millipede in the family Rhinocricidae. It is native to the Caribbean but has been introduced to the southeastern United States.

Contents

Anadenobolus monilicornis Mature Bumble Bee Millipede Anadenobolus monilicornis

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Description

Anadenobolus monilicornis FileBumblebee Millipede Anadenobolus monilicornis 8577627128

Individuals are dark brown with distinctive yellow bands, and measure 2.5–10 centimetres (1.0–3.9 in) long. The legs and antennae are red.

Ecology and behaviour

Anadenobolus monilicornis Anadenobolus monilicornis Wikipedia

This species inhabits leaf litter. Birds and captive monkeys have been observed crushing these millipedes and rubbing their secretions on their wings or fur, probably to repel insects. This millipede will often crawl on an unwary person at night while sleeping. If it finds itself pressed up against the skin or crushed it will release a toxic irritant that will cause a dark chemical burn to the skin. These darkened areas may take more than 4 months to completely return to normal.

Distribution

Anadenobolus monilicornis FileAnadenobolus monilicornis 06JPG Wikimedia Commons

This species is native to the Caribbean: it is found in Brazil, Suriname, Guyana, and on Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, St. Maarten, Martinique, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Puerto Rico and Haiti.

This species has been introduced to southern Florida, where it can occur in large numbers but is not considered a pest.

Anadenobolus monilicornis FileAnadenobolus monilicornis 05JPG Wikimedia Commons

References

Anadenobolus monilicornis Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Archispirostreptus
Chicobolus spinigerus
Rhinocricidae
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