Harman Patil

Anadenanthera colubrina

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Fabaceae
Scientific name  Anadenanthera colubrina
Rank  Species
Order  Fabales
Genus  Anadenanthera
Higher classification  Anadenanthera
Anadenanthera colubrina Anadenanthera colubrina Vilca Huilco Huilca Wilco Willka Cebil
Similar  Anadenanthera, Anadenanthera peregrina, Piptadenia, Myracrodruon urundeuva, Legumes

Anadenanthera colubrina (also known as vilca, huilco, huilca, wilco, willka, cebil, or angico) is a South American tree closely related to Yopo, or Anadenanthera peregrina. It grows from 5 m to 20 m tall and the trunk is very thorny. The leaves are mimosa-like, up to 30 cm in length and they fold up at night. In Chile, A. colubrina produces flowers from September to December and bean pods from September to July. In Brazil A. colubrina has been given "high priority" conservation status.

Contents

Anadenanthera colubrina Anadenanthera colubrina Vilca Huilco Huilca Wilco Willka Cebil

Nomenclature

Anadenanthera colubrina httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Anadenanthera colubrina is known by many names throughout South America. In Peru it is known as willka (also spelled wilca, vilca and huilca) which in the Quechua languages means "sacred".

Geography

A. colubrina is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Cuba, and Mauritius.

Natural growing conditions

Anadenanthera colubrina Curupa Anadenanthera colubrina Details Encyclopedia of Life

A. colubrina grows at altitudes of about 315–2200 m with roughly 250–600 mm/year (10-24 in/yr) of precipitation and a mean temperature of 21 °C. It tends to grow on rocky hillsides in well-drained soil, often in the vicinity of rivers. It grows quickly at 1-1.5 m/year in good conditions. The growing areas are often "savannah to dry rainforest." Flowering can begin in as soon as two years after germination.

Food

A sweetened drink is made from the bark.

Gum

Gum from the tree can be used in the same way as gum arabic.

Tannin

A. colubrina's tannin is used in industry to process animal hides.

Vilca snuff

Anadenanthera colubrina FileAnadenanthera colubrinaflowers and leavesJPG Wikimedia Commons

The beans of A. colubrina are used to make a snuff called vilca (sometimes called cebil). The bean pods are roasted to facilitate removal of the husk, followed by grinding with a mortar and pestle into a powder and mixed with a natural form of calcium hydroxide (lime) or calcium oxide. The main active constituent of vilca is bufotenin; to a much lesser degree DMT and 5-MeO-DMT are also present. A. colubrina has been found to contain up to 12.4% bufotenin.

It is also believed that the beans used in snuff by the Incas. There have been reports of active use of vilca by Wichi shamans, under the name hatáj.

Traditional medicine

The tree's bark is the most common part used medicinally. Gum from the tree is used medicinally to treat upper respiratory tract infections, as an expectorant and otherwise for cough.

Wood

In northeastern Brazil, the tree is primarily used as timber and for making wooden implements. "It is used in construction and for making door and window frames, barrels, mooring masts, hedges, platforms, floors, agricultural implements and railway sleepers." The wood is also reportedly a preferred source of cooking fuel, since it makes a hot and long-lasting fire. It is widely used there in the making of fences, since termites seem not to like it. At one time, it was used in the construction of houses, but people are finding it more difficult to find suitable trees for that purpose.

Chemical compounds

Chemical compounds contained in A. colubrina include:

  • 2,9-dimethyltryptoline – plant
  • 2-methyltryptoline – plant
  • 5-MeO-DMT – bark
  • 5-Methoxy-N-methyltryptamine – bark
  • Bufotenin – plant beans
  • Bufotenin-oxide – fruit, beans
  • Catechol – plant
  • Leucoanthocyanin – plant
  • Leucopelargonidol – plant
  • DMT – fruit, beans, pods, bark
  • DMT-oxide – fruit
  • Methyltryptamine – bark
  • Orientin – leaf
  • Saponarentin – leaf
  • Viterine – leaf
  • The bark and leaves contain tannin and the beans contain saponin.

    Botanical varieties

  • Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.Conc.)Brenan var. cebil (Griseb.)Altschul
  • Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.Conc.)Brenan var. colubrina
  • References

    Anadenanthera colubrina Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Anadenanthera
    Anadenanthera peregrina
    Myracrodruon urundeuva
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