Rahul Sharma

Anacamptis morio

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Kingdom  Plantae
Subfamily  Orchidoideae
Subtribe  Orchidinae
Scientific name  Anacamptis morio
Rank  Species
Family  Orchidaceae
Tribe  Orchideae
Genus  Anacamptis
Higher classification  Anacamptis
Order  Asparagales
Anacamptis morio httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsee
Lower classifications  Anacamptis morio subsp lo, Orchis champagneuxii

Orhidee salbatica orchis morio anacamptis morio muntii cozia


Anacamptis morio, the green-winged orchid or green-veined orchid (synonym Orchis morio) is a flowering plant of the orchid family, Orchidaceae.

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Anacamptis morio anacamptis morio

It is a native of western Eurasia, ranging from Europe to Iran. In the British Isles it is found in central-southern England, Wales and Ireland. It grows in grassy meadows, especially on limestone-rich soil, reaching a height of 40 cm.

Anacamptis morio Anacamptis morio Greenwinged Orchid Orchis morio photographs Debs

It flowers from late April to June in the British Isles, and as early as February in other countries, such as France. The inflorescence is of various colours, mainly purple but ranging from white, through pink, to deep purple. From 5 to 25 helmet-shaped flowers grow in a loose, linear bunch at the top of the single stalk. The name morio is derived from the Greek word "moros" meaning "fool". This refers to the colorful, green striped flowers. A pair of lateral sepals with prominent green, occasionally purple veins extend laterally like "wings", giving the orchid its name. The broad, three lobed, lower petal is pale in the center with dark spots.

Anacamptis morio Anacamptis morio Greenwinged Orchid identification distribution

Leaves are lanceolate, or sometimes ovate, and grow in a rosette around the base of the plan, with some thinner leaves clasping the stem and sheathing almost up to the flowers. Leaves are green and unspotted.

Anacamptis morio Anacamptis morio Wikimedia Commons

It is similar in appearance to the early purple orchid, Orchis mascula, but has green stripes on the two lateral sepals, and lacks the spots or blotches of the Early Purple's leaves.

Anacamptis morio Anacamptis morio Wikispecies

Anacamptis morio martiniorchid


Subspecies

As of May 2014, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families accepts six subspecies:

Anacamptis morio Anacamptis morio Wikimedia Commons
  • Anacamptis morio subsp. caucasica
  • Anacamptis morio subsp. champagneuxii
  • Anacamptis morio subsp. longicornu (syn: Anacamptis longicornu) — western Mediterranean region.
  • Anacamptis morio subsp. morio
  • Anacamptis morio subsp. picta
  • Anacamptis morio subsp. syriaca
  • British Isles

    It is a protected species in Northern Ireland under the Wildlife (NI) Order of 1985.

    In 2001 Anacamptis morio was adopted as the logo for Priory Vale, the third and final instalment in Swindon's 'Northern Expansion' project. Due to a rapid decline in the species they are protected in certain cases, although still regarded as being quite common in the Swindon area, especially Clifford Meadow, a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) off Thamesdown Drive, Swindon.

    References

    Anacamptis morio Wikipedia


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