Rahul Sharma

Anacamptis

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Kingdom  Plantae
Subfamily  Orchidoideae
Subtribe  Orchidinae
Scientific name  Anacamptis
Rank  Genus
Family  Orchidaceae
Tribe  Orchideae
Alliance  Orchis
Higher classification  Orchids
Order  Asparagales
Anacamptis Anacamptis Wikipedia
Lower classifications  Anacamptis pyramidalis, Anacamptis morio, Anacamptis coriophora, Anacamptis papilionacea, Anacamptis laxiflora

Wild anacamptis native italian orchids


Anacamptis is a genus from the orchid family (Orchidaceae); it is often abbreviated as Ant in horticulture. This genus was established by Louis Claude Richard in 1817; the type species is the Pyramidal Orchid (A. pyramidalis) and it nowadays contains about one-third of the species placed in the "wastebin genus" Orchis before this was split up at the end of the 20th century, among them many that are of hybrid origin. The genus' scientific name is derived from the Greek word anakamptein, meaning "to bend backwards".

Contents

Anacamptis Wild Plants of Malta amp Gozo Plant Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp

These terrestrial orchids occur on grasslands, limestone or chalk deposits, or on dunes in Eurasia, from the Mediterranean region to Central Asia.

Anacamptis httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Anacamptis papilionacea greek orchids


Systematics

Anacamptis myorchidsAnacamptis

Except the Pyramidal Orchid (A. pyramidalis), all species of Anacamptis seem to form a clade around the Green-veined Orchid (A. morio). They have a diploid chromosome number of 32 or 36. A useful character for distinguishing Anacamptis from Orchis – where the Green-veined Orchid clade was formerly included – is the basal fusion of the three sepals in Anacamptis.

Anacamptis FileAnacamptispyramidalis 2012jpg Wikimedia Commons

The few bigeneric hybrids are typically between closely related genera, in particular Serapias. Hybrids between the Pyramidal Orchid and the Early Purple Orchid (Orchis mascula), found in Cumbria (UK) in 1997, proved short-lived because of the highly divergent genomic lineages of the parents.

Species

As of May 2014, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families accepts 11 species, two with subspecies:

Anacamptis Anacamptis longicornu Longspurred Orchid identification
  • Anacamptis boryi (Rchb.f.) R.M.Bateman (S Greece, Crete)
  • Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol. ex Russell) R.M.Bateman (Mediterranean to S Turkmenistan)
  • Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman (Europe, Mediterranean to W Asia)
  • Anacamptis cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barratte) H.Kretzschmar
  • Anacamptis israelitica (H.Baumann & Dafni) R.M.Bateman (N. Israel, Palestine)
  • Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M.Bateman – Loose-flowered Orchid, Lax-flowered Orchid, Jersey Orchid (WC Europe, Mediterranean to C Asia)
  • Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman – Green-winged Orchid, Green-veined Orchid
  • Anacamptis morio subsp. caucasica (K.Koch) H.Kretzschmar
  • Anacamptis morio subsp. champagneuxii (Barnéoud) H.Kretzschmar (W Mediterranean)
  • Anacamptis morio subsp. longicornu (Poir.) H.Kretzschmar (W & C Mediterranean)
  • Anacamptis morio subsp. morio
  • Anacamptis morio subsp. picta (Loisel.) Jacquet & Scappat.
  • Anacamptis morio subsp. syriaca (E.G.Camus) H.Kretzschmar
  • Anacamptis palustris (Jacq.) R.M.Bateman(Europe, Mediterranean to C Asia)
  • Anacamptis palustris subsp. elegans (Heuff.) R.M.Bateman (Europe to C Asia)
  • Anacamptis palustris subsp. palustris (WC Europe, Mediterranean to Iran)
  • Anacamptis palustris subsp. robusta (T.Stephenson) R.M.Bateman (W Morocco)
  • Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman – Butterfly Orchid (Mediterranean to Iran)
  • Anacamptis pyramidalis (L.) Rich. – Pyramidal Orchid
  • Anacamptis sancta (L.) R.M.Bateman (E Mediterranean to Caucasus)
  • Selected nothospecies

    Anacamptis FileAnacamptis longicornu plantsjpg Wikimedia Commons
  • Anacamptis × timbali nothosubsp. albuferensis (A. coriophora × A. palustris subsp. robusta) (Mallorca)
  • Anacamptis × gennarii nothosubsp. bornemanniae (A. morio subsp. longicornu × A. papilionacea) (N Africa, Sardinia)
  • Anacamptis × duquesnei (A. palustris × A. pyramidalis) (France)
  • Anacamptis × feinbruniae (A. israelitica × A. papilionacea)
  • Anacamptis × gennarii (A. morio × A. papilionacea) (W Mediterranean)
  • Anacamptis × laniccae (A. morio × A. pyramidalis) (Switzerland, France, Italy)
  • Anacamptis × lesbiensis (A. pyramidalis × A. sancta) (E Aegean Islands)
  • Anacamptis × simorrensis (A. coriophora × A. pyramidalis) (France, Italy, Greece)
  • Anacamptis × van-lookenii (A. papilionacea × A. pyramidalis) (France)
  • Intergeneric hybrids

  • ×Anacamptiplatanthera (Anacamptis × Platanthera) – accepted name
  • ×Anacamptorchis (Anacamptis × Orchis) – unplaced name
  • ×Dactylocamptis (Anacamptis × Dactylorhiza) – accepted name
  • ×Gymnanacamptis (Anacamptis × Gymnadenia) – accepted name
  • ×Ophramptis (Anacamptis × Ophrys) – unplaced name
  • ×Serapicamptis (Anacamptis × Serapias) – accepted name
  • References

    Anacamptis Wikipedia


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