Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

Amsterdam–Haarlem–Rotterdam railway

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Covid-19
Status  Operational
Operator(s)  Nederlandse Spoorwegen
Number of tracks  Double track
Opened  1839-1847
Line length  86 km (53 mi)
Locale  Netherlands
Amsterdam–Haarlem–Rotterdam railway
Track gauge  1,435 mm (4 ft 8 ⁄2 in) standard gauge
Terminis  Rotterdam Centraal station, Amsterdam Centraal station

The railway from Amsterdam through Haarlem to Rotterdam (also: Oude Lijn, Dutch for "old line") runs from Amsterdam Centraal to Rotterdam Centraal through Haarlem.

From December 2011 it is used by all direct trains from Amsterdam to The Hague, and all direct supplement-free trains from Amsterdam to Rotterdam except those through Woerden.

History

It contains the oldest railway line in the Netherlands, and follows the old horse-drawn boat (Dutch: trekschuit) canal route from Leiden via Haarlem to Amsterdam-Sloterdijk. It was opened between 1839 and 1847 by the Hollandsche IJzeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij. The oldest section, opened in 1839, led from Amsterdam to Haarlem. Leiden and The Hague were reached in 1843, and the final section from The Hague to Rotterdam was opened in June 1847.

The opening of the Schiphollijn (1978) and the Amsterdam-Schiphol railway (1986) provided a shorter connection from Leiden through Schiphol to Amsterdam. Nevertheless, the old line via Haarlem has remained an important railway line.

In March 2015 a new tunnel and station were opened in Delft, underpassing the former railway station and viaduct. The doubling of the tracks will be undertaken until 2020.

References

Amsterdam–Haarlem–Rotterdam railway Wikipedia


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