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Amram Mitzna

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2003–2005  Labor Party
Role  Israeli Politician
Name  Amram Mitzna

1993–2003  Mayor of Haifa
2013–2015  Hatnuah
Party  Israeli Labor Party
Amram Mitzna httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons77

Date of birth  (1945-02-20) 20 February 1945 (age 70)
Place of birth  Dovrat, Mandatory Palestine
2003  Leader of the Opposition
Knessets  Israeli legislative election, 2013
Education  Hebrew Reali School, University of Haifa, Harvard University
Similar People  Elazar Stern, Binyamin Ben‑Eliezer, Nitzan Horowitz, Shaul Mofaz, Ami Ayalon

Israeli Labour party leader meets Blair

Amram Mitzna (Hebrew: עמרם מצנע‎‎, born 20 February 1945) is an Israeli politician and former general in the IDF. He is a former mayor of Haifa (1993–2003) and Yeruham (2005–2010) and led the Labor Party from 2002 to 2003. In 2012 he joined Hatnuah.


Youth, studies and military service

He was born in Kibbutz Dovrat to Jewish refugees from Germany. He attended a military boarding school in Haifa, graduating in 1963 and enlisting into the IDF the same year. He served in various positions in the IDF armored force, the Command and Staff College, and the Operations Division in the General Staff, receiving the Medal of Distinguished Service for his actions during the Six-Day War and the Yom Kippur War, both of which saw him wounded.

In 1977 he graduated from the University of Haifa with a degree in geography, before studying at the U.S. Army War College in Pennsylvania, finishing his course in 1979.

In 1986 he was promoted to major general, and assisted the Head of the Operations branch. In 1987 he became commander of the Central Command, and in 1989 completed the program for senior public figures at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard University.

In 1990 he became head of the IDF's planning branch, and gained an MA from Haifa University in political science. He retired from the IDF in 1993.

Political career

In the same year as finishing his military career, Mitzna was elected mayor of Haifa representing Labour, and re-elected in 1998. He won the Labour's leadership elections on 19 November 2002 with 54% of the vote. During campaigning for the 2003 elections, Mitzna proposed that Israel pursue further negotiations with the Palestinian Authority, but if they failed to yield a solution, that Israel withdraw from the Gaza Strip and most of the West Bank, and unilaterally set its final borders. His position was lambasted by Likud leader Ariel Sharon, though later partially implemented by him as the disengagement plan.

Mitzna oversaw Labour's second worst electoral performance in the 2003 elections, the party winning just 19 seats. He resigned as party leader shortly after, replaced by Shimon Peres.

In November 2005, the Internal Affairs Minister appointed Mitzna acting mayor of Yeruham, a town in the southern Negev region, after the elected mayor was forced to step aside, due to incompetence. Mitzna resigned from the Knesset to take up the role.

In April 2008 and June 2009, Mitzna signed letters of support for the recently created J Street American pro-peace lobby group.

On 1 December 2012, Mitzna joined Tzipi Livni's new centrist party, Hatnuah. He was elected to the Knesset in second place on the party's list in the 2013 elections. On 24 December 2014 he announced he was retiring from politics and would not seek re-election in 2015, although he supported the Zionist Union, an alliance of Hatnuah and Labor that had been formed for the elections.


Amram Mitzna Wikipedia