Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

Amblycera

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Kingdom  Animalia
Scientific name  Amblycera
Higher classification  Louse
Order  Louse
Infraclass  Neoptera
Phylum  Arthropoda
Rank  Suborder
Subclass  Pterygota
Amblycera 1000 images about Parasites on Pinterest Biology Texts and Powder

Lower classifications  Menacanthus, Laemobothriidae

The Amblycera are a large suborder of chewing lice, parasitic on both birds and mammals. The Amblycera are considered the most primitive suborder of lice.

Contents

Amblycera Amblycera Piojos Aves Microfotografa Lab Entomologa Flickr

Description

Amblycera Ent Lab Exam 2 at LewisClark State College StudyBlue

These insects are very much like the familiar advanced sucking lice, except they do not stay on their host permanently. They roam freely over the surface of their host and, unlike other lice, do not form permanent attachments. They feed by chewing soft areas of skin, causing an area of localized bleeding from which they drink.

Amblycera httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Species of this suborder have antennae but they cannot readily be seen because they lie in grooves in the side of the head. Usually the antennae of suborder Amblycera composes 4-5 segments. The maxillary palps may, however, be present and these may be visible in mounted specimens but may be confused with the antennae. Palps of amblycerans ranges in segments from two to five. The mandibles of this suborder bite horizontally. The head is often broader and rounder anteriorly than of Anoplura but this morphologic difference is not reliable. The tarsi of species that parasitise birds have two claws, while of those that parasitise mammals have one only.

Families

The Amblycera are divided into six families:

  • Boopidae
  • Gyropidae
  • Laemobothriidae
  • Menoponidae
  • Ricinidae
  • Trimenoponidae
  • Significant species

    Significant Amblycera that parasitise birds are for example:

    Amblycera Lice Phthirapterainfo

  • Holomenopon leucoxanthum (Burmeister, 1838) – cause of "wet feathers" of ducks
  • Menopon gallinae (Linnaeus, 1958) – the "shaft louse" of poultry, pale yellow in color
  • Menopon phaeostomum (Nitzsch, 1818) – usually occurs on peafowl
  • Menecanthus stramineus (Nitzsch, 1818) – the yellow "body louse" of poultry
  • Trinoton anserinum (J.C.Fabricus, 1805) – may be found on ducks and swans
  • Species that parasitise mammals are for example:

    Amblycera Lice Phthirapterainfo

  • Gliricola porcelli (Linnaeus, 1758) – on guinea-pigs
  • Gyropus ovalis (Nitzsch, 1818) – on guinea-pigs
  • Heterodoxus longitarsus (Piaget, 1880) – on Macropodidae (wallabies and kangaroos)
  • Heterodoxus macropus (Le Souef & Bullen, 1902) – on Macropodidae
  • Heterodoxus spiniger (Enderlein, 1909) – common on dogs in warm countries (between latitudes 40° north and 40° south)
  • Trimenopon hispidium (Burmeister, 1838) – on guinea-pigs

  • Amblycera Amblycera Wikipdia

    References

    Amblycera Wikipedia