Nisha Rathode

Alfred Bitini Xuma

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Nationality  South African

Name  Alfred Xuma
Alfred Bitini Xuma afripodaodlorgwpcontentuploads201206Xumajpg
Born  8 March 1893Manzana Village,Transkei
Died  January 27, 1962, Johannesburg, South Africa
Books  A.B. Xuma: Autobiography and Selected Works
Education  University of Minnesota, Tuskegee University
Similar People  Pixley ka Isaka Seme, John Langalibalele Dube, Oliver Tambo, Sol Plaatje, Nelson Mandela

President of anc jacob zuma deliver a lecture in honour of president alfred bitini xuma


Alfred Bitini Xuma, OLG, commonly referred to by his initials as AB Xuma[1][2] (8 March 1893, Transkei – 27 January 1962), was the first black South African to become a medical doctor, as well as a leader, activist and president-general of the African National Congress (ANC) from 1940 to 1949. He was a member of the African American founded Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity.

Contents

Alfred Bitini Xuma Dr Alfred Bitini Xuma Timeline 18931998 South African History Online

Life

Alfred Bitini Xuma Booktopia Alfred B Xuma African American South African by

Although on the left wing of the ANC, Xuma was seen during his leadership as too conservative by an increasingly impatient and activist youth, which he regarded in turn with suspicion. (His letters to colleagues are understood to be full of hostile references to communists.) As such, he was widely regarded as out of touch with the needs and demands of the grassroots.

Nevertheless, it was under his leadership, albeit after having been very cannily lobbied, and in spite of warnings from his colleagues that it would lead to his downfall, that the ANC in 1942 established its Youth League.

Alfred Bitini Xuma Dr Alfred Xuma South African History Online

A young Nelson Mandela was among the callow buttonholers (including Walter Sisulu, Congress Mbata and William Nkomo) who in 1944 visited his home in Sophiatown to agitate for his acceptance of the league's manifesto and draft constitution. Mandela recalls having been impressed at how "grand" was Dr Xuma's house, as well as by his revitalisation of the ANC: Xuma had succeeded in regularising membership and subscriptions, and had greatly improved the movement's finances. To Mandela, however, and many other young Africans of the time,

Alfred Bitini Xuma A B Xuma

he represented the old way of doing things: deputations, statements, committees—gentlemen politics in the British tradition. As a man so recently being groomed to become a 'black Englishman' himself, Mandela understood how all that worked. But now there were new voices around him, offering an increasing militant approach.

Xuma responded very angrily and sarcastically after reading what he called their "high-learned" manifesto, which explicitly criticized the ANC's failure to advance the national cause, as well as its deficiencies in organisation and constitution, and its "erratic policy of yielding to oppression, regarding itself as a body of gentlemen with clean hands." Xuma rounded on the deputation for usurping the authority of the ANC national executive, but refrained from criticizing publicly a cause he had publicly championed. Thus outmaneuvered, he gave the ANC Youth League his blessing, having secured an agreement that the ANC itself would remain the dominant body

Legacy

After his death his book collection was given to Orlando East Public Library by his widow, Madie Hall Xuma. This library was the first purpose built public library in Soweto.

References

Alfred Bitini Xuma Wikipedia


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