| Alfonso Caso|| Archaeologist|
| November 30, 1970, Mexico City, Mexico|
National Autonomous University of Mexico
The Aztecs; people of the sun, Thirteen Masterpieces of Mexican Archaeology
Alfonso Caso Wikipedia
Alfonso Caso y Andrade (February 1, 1896 in Mexico City – November 30, 1970 in Mexico City) was an archaeologist who made important contributions to pre-Columbian studies in his native Mexico. Caso believed that the systematic study of ancient Mexican civilizations was an important way to understand Mexican cultural roots.
His notable discoveries include the excavations at Monte Albán, in particular "Tomb Seven", in which several gold pieces and offerings were found (now shown in the Regional Museum of Oaxaca). He also discovered many sites in the Mixteca (a region in the state of Oaxaca), such as Yucuita, Yucuñudahui and Monte Negro. As well as discovering new sites Caso also sought to interpret them, establishing the chronology of Monte Albán history, and deciphering Mixtec codices.
Throughout his life Caso wrote books about native Mesoamerican cultures, including those of the Olmec, Mixtec, Zapotec, and Aztec. He was one of the first to recognize the Olmecs as the earliest Mesoamerican civilization, declaring that they were the "cultura madre" (Mother culture) of Mesoamerica. His argument has subsequently been debated by Mesoamerican archaeologists; it is currently unclear how the Olmec interacted with other Mesoamerican cultures.
"Organic University law" in which he established the autonomy of the UNAM. He also played the role of Secretary of National Goods and Administrative Examination (Spanish: Secretario de Bienes Nacionales e Inspección Administrativa) from December 10, 1946 to December 31, 1948.El teocallí de La Guerra Sagrada (monograph) (1927)
Las estelas zapotecas (1928)
La religión de los aztecas (1936)
Las exploraciones de Monte Albán, (3 volumes, 1931-1937)
Calendario y escritura de tas Antiguas culturas de Monte Albán (1947)
El mapa de Teozacoa1co (1949)
El pueblo del Sol (1953)
Interpretación del Códice Gómez de Orozco (1954),
Urnas de Oaxaca (1956)
Los calendarlos prehíspánicos (1967)
El tesoro de Monte Albán (1969)
Reyes y reinos de la Mixteca (2 volumes, 1977-1979).
Alfonso Caso y Andrade