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Alexander W Terrell

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Education  University of Missouri
Name  Alexander Terrell
Children  8

Alexander W. Terrell wwwb17comcampford2generalsterrelljpg
Full Name  Alexander Watkins Terrell
Born  November 23, 1827Patrick County, Virginia, U.S.
Occupation  Lawyer, planter, diplomat
Religion  Religious Society of Friends
Spouse(s)  Ann Elizabeth Boulding Sarah D. Mitchell
Parent(s)  Christopher Joseph Terrell Susan Kennerly
Died  September 9, 1912, Mineral Wells, Texas, United States

Alma mater  University of Missouri
Resting place  Texas State Cemetery

Alexander W. Terrell (November 23, 1827 – September 9, 1912) was an American judge, planter, Confederate veteran and diplomat. He served as the U. S. minister to Turkey and a Confederate military officer.


Early life

Alexander Watkins Terrell was born on November 23, 1827 in Patrick County, Virginia. His father was Christopher Joseph Terrell and his mother, Susan Kennerly. His Quaker family moved to Boonville, Missouri in 1831.

Terrell graduated from the University of Missouri and was admitted to the bar in 1849.


Terrell practiced law in St. Joseph, Missouri. In 1852, he moved to Austin, Texas. He served as a district court judge from 1857 until 1863.

On July 4, 1861, Terrell gave a speech on the Texas State Capitol in defense of the Confederate States of America. He drew a parallel between George Washington and the secession of the Confederacy.

When his term as judge came to an end, Terrell joined the First Texas Cavalry Regiment of the Confederate States Army as major. He fought in several major battles as part of the Red River Campaign including the Mansfield, Louisiana, in the spring of 1864. On May 16, 1865, Terrell was assigned to duty as a brigadier general by General E. Kirby Smith. He was never officially appointed by Confederate President Jefferson Davis and confirmed by the Confederate Senate to that grade. Davis had been captured by Union forces on May 10, 1865 and Smith soon would accept the Appomattox surrender terms agreed to by Lieutenant General Simon Bolivar Buckner on May 26, 1865, pending Smith's approval.

Terrell briefly chose to flee to Mexico after the war. He returned to Texas, where he practised the law in Houston. Subsequently, he spent time on his plantation in Robertson County, Texas.

After Reconstruction, he served in both the Texas Senate and House of Representatives, serving sixteen years in the state legislature. From 1893 until 1897, he was minister plenipotentiary to the Ottoman Empire during U.S. President Grover Cleveland's second administration. From 1909 to 1911, he was a member of the University of Texas board of regents. He also served as the president of the Texas State Historical Association.

Personal life

Terrell married Ann Elizabeth Boulding. They had five children. After she died in 1860, he married Sarah D. Mitchell. They had three children.

Death and legacy

Terrell died on September 9, 1912 in Mineral Wells, Texas. He was buried at the Texas State Cemetery in Austin, Texas. Terrell County, Texas is named in his honor.


Alexander W. Terrell Wikipedia

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