Siddhesh Joshi

Adapazari

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Country  Turkey
Address  Semerciler Mahallesi Ataturk Bulvari No:40, Adapazari, Sakarya, Turkey
University  Sakarya University
Mayor  Suleyman Disli

Adapazari is a city in northwestern Turkey and the capital of Sakarya Province. The province itself was originally named Adapazari as well. Adapazari is a part of the densely populated region of the country, known as the Marmara Region. In 2011, the city had a population of 239,284

Contents

Map of Adapazari

History

Adapazari in the past, History of Adapazari

The history of Adapazari dates back to 378 BC. Ancient settlers included Phrygians, Bithynians, Cimmerians, Lydians and Persians, but Adapazari got its identity from the Romans and Greek Byzantine rulers. One of the most important remains of historical significance is the Justinianus Bridge (Turkish: ) built by Byzantine Emperor Justinian in 533 CE. Historically, it was situated on the old military road from Constantinople (now Istanbul) to the east, connected in Late Antiquity by the important Sangarius Bridge and, since the end of the 19th century, by a branch line with the Anatolian railway.

In 1868, the Adapazari Municipality was officially founded on the town called Der Seadet. A sugar factory and agricultural sugar factory attracted many migrants and accelerated the industrialization of the city. A law passed on 17 June 1954 in the Grand National Assembly saw the city separated from Kocaeli Province and made the center of its own province. The 1999 Marmara Earthquake affected Adapazari and inflicted losses in lives and damage. In the 2000 official census,the population was recorded as 158 474. By official decree, the province was renamed Sakarya after the Sakarya River which runs through it.

Economy

Adapazari is the location of a large automobile factory owned by the Toyota Motor Corporation, as well as the Hyundai EURotem train factory. One of the biggest Turkish defense industry Tank Pallet 1st Main Maintenance of Turkish Defense and Otokar a major manufacturer of buses and military vehicles are located in Sakarya. Other major industries in the city and its surrounding province include textile factories for silk and linen products. Agriculture and forestry also form an important part of the citys economy, with the production of tobacco, hazelnuts (findik variety), walnut-wood, cocoons and vegetables. Adapazari is one of the most important industrial capitals of Turkey. While Turkey is a developing country, the city of Adapazari renovated its infrastructure and industry after the 17 August 1999 catastrophic earthquake which left 600.000 casualties behind. In memory of the earthquake municipality had built a museum of earthquake in city center.

References

Adapazari Wikipedia 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