Harman Patil (Editor)

Accipitrinae

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Kingdom  Animalia
Family  Accipitridae
Scientific name  Accipitrinae
Higher classification  Accipitridae
Order  Accipitriformes
Subfamily  Accipitrinae
Phylum  Chordata
Accipitrinae httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Mass  Griffon vulture: 6.5 – 11 kg, Sharp-shinned hawk: 150 – 220 g, Grey goshawk: 680 g, Black sparrowhawk: 750 – 980 g
Wingspan  Griffon vulture: 2.3 – 2.8 m
Length  Griffon vulture: 93 – 120 cm
Lower classifications  Northern goshawk, Eurasian sparrowhawk, Accipiter, Short‑toed snake eagle, Gyps

The Accipitrinae is the subfamily of the Accipitridae often known as the "true" hawks, including all members of Accipiter and the closely related genera Melierax, Urotriorchis, Erythrotriorchis and Megatriorchis. The large and widespread genus Accipiter includes goshawks, sparrowhawks, the sharp-shinned hawk and others. They are primarily woodland birds that hunt by sudden dashes from a concealed perch, with long tails, broad wings and high visual acuity facilitating this lifestyle. In light of recent genetic research, the kites of the traditional subfamily Milvinae may also belong to this group.

Contents

Hawks, including the accipitrines, are believed to have vision several times as sharp as that of the human species, in part because of the great number of photoreceptor cells in their retinas (up to 1,000,000 per square mm, against 200,000 for humans), a very high number of nerves connecting the receptors to the brain, and an indented fovea, which magnifies the central portion of the visual field.

Species in taxonomic order

  • Subfamily Accipitrinae
  • Genus Accipiter
  • Northern goshawk, A. gentilis
  • Eurasian sparrowhawk, A. nisus
  • Grey-bellied hawk, A. poliogaster
  • Crested goshawk, A. trivirgatus
  • Sulawesi goshawk, A. griseiceps
  • Red-chested goshawk, A. toussenelii
  • African goshawk, A. tachiro
  • Chinese sparrowhawk, A. soloensis
  • Frances's sparrowhawk, A. francesii
  • Anjouan sparrowhawk, Accipiter francesiae pusillus
  • Spot-tailed sparrowhawk, A. trinotatus
  • Grey goshawk, A. novaehollandiae
  • Brown goshawk, A. fasciatus
  • Christmas goshawk, Accipiter fasciatus natalis
  • Pied goshawk, A. albogularis
  • Fiji goshawk, A. rufitorques
  • White-bellied goshawk, A. haplochrous
  • Moluccan goshawk, A. henicogrammus
  • Grey-headed goshawk, A. poliocephalus
  • New Britain goshawk, A. princeps
  • Black sparrowhawk, A. melanoleucus
  • Henst's goshawk, A. henstii
  • Meyer's goshawk, A. meyerianus
  • Chestnut-flanked sparrowhawk, A. castanilius
  • Nicobar sparrowhawk, A. butleri
  • Levant sparrowhawk, A. brevipes
  • Slaty-mantled sparrowhawk, A. luteoschistaceus
  • Imitator sparrowhawk, A. imitator
  • Red-thighed sparrowhawk, A. erythropus
  • Little sparrowhawk, A. minullus
  • Japanese sparrowhawk, A. gularis
  • Dwarf sparrowhawk, A. nanus
  • Rufous-necked sparrowhawk, A. erythrauchen
  • Collared sparrowhawk, A. cirrocephalus
  • New Britain sparrowhawk, A. brachyurus
  • Vinous-breasted sparrowhawk, A. rhodogaster
  • Madagascar sparrowhawk, A. madagascariensis
  • Ovambo sparrowhawk, A. ovampensis
  • Rufous-chested sparrowhawk, A. rufiventris
  • Shikra, A. badius
  • Tiny hawk, A. superciliosus
  • Semicollared hawk, A. collaris
  • Sharp-shinned hawk, A. striatus
  • White-breasted hawk, A. s. chionogaster
  • Plain-breasted hawk, A. s. ventralis
  • Rufous-thighed hawk, A. s. erythronemius
  • Cooper's hawk, A. cooperii
  • Gundlach's hawk, A. gundlachi
  • Bicolored hawk, A. bicolor
  • Besra, A. virgatus
  • Genus Melierax
  • Gabar goshawk, M. gabar
  • Dark chanting goshawk, M. metabates
  • Eastern chanting goshawk, M. poliopterus
  • Pale chanting goshawk, M. canorus
  • Genus Urotriorchis
  • Long-tailed hawk, U. macrourus
  • Genus Erythrotriorchis
  • Red goshawk, E. radiatus
  • Chestnut-shouldered goshawk, E. buergersi
  • Genus Megatriorchis
  • Doria's goshawk, M. doriae
  • Hawks and humans

    Hawks are sometimes used in falconry, a sport in which trained birds of prey are flown at small game for sport.

    References

    Accipitrinae Wikipedia


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