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Acacia estrophiolata

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Fabaceae
Scientific name  Acacia estrophiolata
Order  Fabales
Genus  Acacia
Rank  Species
Acacia estrophiolata httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Similar  Acacia murrayana, Acacia kempeana, Acacia brachystachya, Acacia cyperophylla, Acacia caesiella

Acacia estrophiolata, commonly known as ironwood or southern ironwood, is a tree native to Central Australia.


It is a graceful, pendulous shade tree, which grows from about 4-16 m tall and has a trunk with a diameter of up to about 0.45 m. Young plants are spiky leaved. It has pale yellow flowers after winter rains.

It is usually found in areas with about 220-350 mm/year of average rainfall.


Traditionally, Australian Aborigines would use the gum from the tree as a sweet bushtucker treat. Its name in the Arrernte language of Central Australia is Ngkwarle athenge arlperle. It is still sometimes eaten today.

The gum is snapped off the branches, either clear or red. It is then ground and mixed with a little water, then left to set again to a chewable gum, and eaten with a small stick.


The tree makes good forage for livestock. The seeds are edible and are 28.9% protein.

Traditional medicine

Parts of the tree are used topically to treat skin problems such as burns, cuts, scabies, sores and it is also used for treating major wounds. It is used as a lotion to treat eye problems.


The wood is very hard and it is good for making posts for fences. It is used by indigenous Australians to make spears and arrows.


Acacia estrophiolata Wikipedia

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