Harman Patil

Abductor pollicis brevis muscle

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Abductor pollicis brevis muscle
Origin  Transverse carpal ligament, the scaphoid and trapezium
Insertion  Radial base of proximal phalanx of thumb and the thumb extensors
Artery  Superficial palmar arch
Nerve  Recurrent branch of the median nerve
Actions  Abduction of the thumb by acting across the carpometacarpal joint and the metacarpophalangeal joint. It also assists in opposition and extension of the thumb.
Antagonist  Adductor pollicis muscle

The abductor pollicis brevis is a muscle in the hand that functions as an abductor of the thumb.

Contents

Structure

The abductor pollicis brevis is a flat, thin muscle located just under the skin. It is a thenar muscle, and therefore contributes to the bulk of the palm's thenar eminence.

It originates from the flexor retinaculum of the hand, the tubercle of the scaphoid bone, and additionally sometimes from the tubercle of the trapezium.

Running lateralward and downward, it is inserted by a thin, flat tendon into the lateral side of the base of the first phalanx of the thumb and the capsule of the metacarpophalangeal joint.

Innervation

The abductor pollicis brevis is innervated by the recurrent branch of the median nerve (Roots C5- C7 and C8-T1 in the brachial plexus lateral and medial cords respectively)

Actions

Abduction of the thumb is defined as the movement of the thumb anteriorly, a direction perpendicular to the palm. The abductor pollicis brevis does this by acting across both the carpometacarpal joint and the metacarpophalangeal joint.

It also assists in opposition and extension of the thumb.

References

Abductor pollicis brevis muscle Wikipedia


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