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Abd al Rahman al Sufi

Name  Abd al-Sufi
Role  Astronomer
Books  Book of Fixed Stars

Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi Flix Len ILUSTRADOR
Died  May 25, 986 AD, Shiraz, Iran
Similar People  Ptolemy, Al‑Biruni, Aristotle, Al‑Farabi

Abd al rahman al sufi


'Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi (Persian: عبدالرحمن صوفی‎‎ Arabic: أبوالحسين عبدالرحمن بن عمر الصوفي‎‎) (December 7, 903 in Rey, Iran – May 25, 986 in Shiraz, Iran) was a Persian astronomer also known as 'Abd ar-Rahman as-Sufi, 'Abd al-Rahman Abu al-Husayn, 'Abdul Rahman Sufi, or 'Abdurrahman Sufi and, historically, in the West as Azophi and Azophi Arabus. The lunar crater Azophi and the minor planet 12621 Alsufi are named after him. Al-Sufi published his famous Book of Fixed Stars in 964, describing much of his work, both in textual descriptions and pictures. Al-Biruni reports that his work on the ecliptic was carried out in Shiraz. He lived at the Buyid court in Isfahan.

Contents

Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi wwwsalaamcoukknowledgebiographypicsAl20Suf

Biography

Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi 41201450jpg

'Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi was one of the famous nine Muslim astronomers. His name implies that he was from a Sufi Muslim background. He lived at the court of Emir Adud ad-Daula in Isfahan, Persia, and worked on translating and expanding Greek astronomical works, especially the Almagest of Ptolemy. He contributed several corrections to Ptolemy's star list and did his own brightness and magnitude estimates which frequently deviated from those in Ptolemy's work.

Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi alSufi39s Book on the Fixed Stars studies

He was a major translator into Arabic of the Hellenistic astronomy that had been centered in Alexandria, Egypt, the first to attempt to relate the Greek with the traditional Arabic star names and constellations, which were completely unrelated and overlapped in complicated ways.

Astronomy

Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi Al Sufi Persian astronomer Stock Image H4010203 Science Photo

He identified the Large Magellanic Cloud, which is visible from Yemen, though not from Isfahan; it was not seen by Europeans until Magellan's voyage in the 16th century. He also made the earliest recorded observation of the Andromeda Galaxy in 964 AD; describing it as a "small cloud". These were the first galaxies other than the Milky Way to be observed from Earth.

Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi Astrological Constellation Cancer on Selfrealization

He observed that the ecliptic plane is inclined with respect to the celestial equator and more accurately calculated the length of the tropical year. He observed and described the stars, their positions, their magnitudes and their colour, setting out his results constellation by constellation. For each constellation, he provided two drawings, one from the outside of a celestial globe, and the other from the inside (as seen from the earth).

Al-Sufi also wrote about the astrolabe, finding numerous additional uses for it: he described over 1000 different uses, in areas as diverse as astronomy, astrology, horoscopes, navigation, surveying, timekeeping, Qibla, Salat prayer, etc.

Since 2006, Astronomy Society of Iran – Amateur Committee (ASIAC) hold an international Sufi Observing Competition in the memory of Sufi. The first competition was held in 2006 in the north of Semnan Province and the second was held in the summer of 2008 in Ladiz near the Zahedan. More than 100 attendees from Iran and Iraq participated in the event.

References

Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi Wikipedia


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