A Tribe Called Quest is an American hip hop group, formed in 1985. They have released six studio albums, five compilations, thirteen singles and five video albums. The group is made up of rapper/producer Q-Tip (Kamaal Ibn John Fareed, formerly Jonathan Davis), the late rapper Phife Dawg (Malik Taylor) and DJ/producer Ali Shaheed Muhammad. Ali was only persuaded to join when a fourth member, Jarobi White, joined the group. In 1989 they signed a demo deal with Geffen Records, but not given a full-fledged recording contract. After receiving many offers, they opted for the Jive Records label, an independent rap label. In under a year, they managed to produce People's Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm to a lukewarm reception, reaching #91 on the Billboard 200, though it did achieve gold certification by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).
Their next album, The Low End Theory, helped shape alternative hip-hop in the 1990s. It established a link between their hip hop based music and the jazz genre. It was a large success, and, on February 1, 1995, the RIAA certified the album platinum. Their following album, Midnight Marauders, released in 1993, also earned the platinum award. Beats, Rhymes and Life, their subsequent album which was released three years after Midnight Marauders, was considered their darkest work. It lacked the positive and joyful vibe present in their previous albums. Their fifth studio album followed, The Love Movement. It was regarded by critics as returning to the group's positive vibe. It was awarded gold by the RIAA on November 1, 1998. Their sixth and final album, We Got It from Here... Thank You 4 Your Service, was released on November 11, 2016, with posthumous contributions from Phife Dawg.