The 9th Hussar Regiment (9e régiment de hussards) was a hussar regiment of the French Army. The 9th Hussar Regiment fought in the Napoleonic Wars, World War I and the Algerian War before finally being disbanded in 1979.
The regiment's ancestry is drawn from two separate units, one originating in a squadron of the Hussards de la Liberté and the other in the Régiment des Guides.
Its origins lay in the Hussards de la Liberté, set up on 2 September 1792 and by a royal decree dated 23 November 1792. This unit was divided into two squadrons of 200 men each (the first squadron made up of volunteers from Paris and the second from volunteers from Lille) and came ninth in the army order of precedence by a decree of the French National Convention of 4 June 1793. On 25 March 1793, that unit's second squadron became the 10th Hussar Regiment (whilst on 1 May 1794 the first squadron of the Hussards de la Liberté became the 7e régiment bis de hussards). On 4 June 1794, after the defection of the 4th Hussar Regiment, the 10th Hussar Regiment was re-numbered as the 9th Hussar Regiment. In 1795, the regiment was involved in the Vendée Revolt. It was part of the Army of the Rhine in 1796 and the Army of the Danube in 1798. It was known as the Hussards Rouges or Red Hussars after its scarlet dolmans.
It then formed part of the Grande Armée from 1805 onwards.
In 1805 it took part in the Battle of Austerlitz.
In 1806–07 it took part in the war of the fourth coalition in the battles of Jena–Auerstedt, Stettin and Friedland.
In 1809 it took part in the war of the fifth coalition and charged at Eckmühl and Wagram
In 1812 it took part in the French invasion of Russia, it took part in the battle of Borodino.
In 1813–14 it took part in the war of the sixth coalition, it took part in the battle of Bautzen and Leipzig.
What remained of the regiment after the retreat through Germany was converted into the régiment de Berry-hussards (with precedence number 6) on 12 May 1814.
On 27 September 1840, by decree of Louis Philippe I of France, the 9th Hussars was re-created out of detachments from the 1st Hussar Regiment, 3rd Hussar Regiment, 4th Hussar Regiment, 6th Hussar Regiment and 9th Mounted Chasseur Regiment. Its dolman was now black and it was nicknamed the Hussards Noirs or Black Hussars, a name it held until the proclamation of the Second French Empire. On 4 May 1856 it was disbanded.
Meanwhile, in 1852, the Régiment des Guides was formed. On 1 May 1854 this became the régiment des guides de la Garde Impériale, then in 1871 a new 9th Hussar Regiment.
The 9th Hussars were mobilized on 2 August 1914, commanded by Colonel Burette. The regiment was positioned between 14th and 21st Corps, fighting in the Battle of the Frontiers. On 19 September, the regiment was transported by rail to the Somme where it faced the 21st Prussian Corps. The 9th Hussars became part of the 1st Cavalry Corps on 21 October and participated in the Race to the Sea. Brought back to Amiens in December, the 9th Hussars were in operations on the Somme until August 1916. On 6 August 1916, the regiment was relocated to take part in the Second Battle of Champagne, as part of 14th Corps. The 9th Hussars attacked on 26 September, suffering heavy losses. After the offensive, the regiment was moved to Montbéliard. In response to the German attacks at Verdun, the regiment was transferred to the Meuse on 29 February 1916. In December 1917, the regiment was moved to the Somme again and left on 28 May for the Chemin des Dames. The regiment took part in the Battle of Malmaison from 16 August to 23 October. In November, the 9th Hussars were withdrawn and stationed in Villiers-Cotterets. In January 1918, the regiment moved to Alsace. As part of 14th Corps, the 9th Hussars retreated to the Somme after the Spring Offensive in early April. The regiment participated in the Fifth Battle of Ypres in the last months of the war. The regiment was disbanded in 1922 at Chambéry, where it was then on garrison duties.
It was briefly re-formed in 1944, before being permanently re-created on 20 May 1956 at Sissonne to fight in Oranie. In 1962 it served as the garrison at Reims, before being disbanded on 1 June 1964, becoming the 18th Dragoon Regiment as the Reims garrison. On 1 July 1964 it was recreated for the Algerian War before being finally disbanded in 1979.1792: Jacques-Polycarpe Morgan
1794: Chef de brigade Thierry
1798: Nicolas Ducheyron
1801: Chef de brigade Guyot
1805: Colonel Barbanegre
1806: Pierre Edme Gautherin
1809: Colonel Louis Charles Gregoire Maignet
1840: Colonel Francis Eustache Fulque
1848: Colonel Morin
Commanders of the regiment of the Imperial Guard Guides1852: Colonel Fleury
1860: Colonel de Montaigu
1866: Colonel Joachim Murat
1870: Colonel de Percin de Northumberlain
Commanders of the 9th Hussars since 18711871: Colonel Friant
1875: Colonel Gail
1884: Colonel Plessis
1889: Colonel Ozenne
1898: Colonel Devezeaux de Rancougne
1906: Colonel Bremond d'Ars
1907: Colonel Villeneuve-Bargemon
1912: Colonel Burette
1918: Colonel Bezard
1956: Colonel Lizeray
1957: Colonel Delage-Luget
1959: Colonel Chazelles
1961: Colonel Tartinville
1962: Colonel Abrial
1964: Colonel Poumarede
1965: Lieutenant Colonel Mazarguil
1967: Lieutenant Colonel Royer
1970: Lieutenant Colonel Lanurien
1971: Lieutenant Colonel Aigueperse
1972: Lieutenant Colonel Huon de Kermadec
1975: Lieutenant Colonel Preaud
1977: Colonel Dupont Dinechin